p. 867. Further innovations and controversies
- Daniel Pick
‘Further innovations and controversies’ looks in more detail at affinities and differences between some of the key analytic approaches to emerge post-war, especially in America, France, and Britain. It begins with the ‘ego psychology’ tradition in post-war America led by Heinz Hartmann, Ernst Kris, and Rudolph Loewenstein before considering the work of Jacques Lacan in France and new directions taken in Britain by Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott, and Wilfred Bion. Each of these main figures was both an inspiration to others and a catalyst for argument and new approaches. Distinct schools of thought within psychoanalysis owe much to these individual clinicians, but they also reflect wider differences in national culture and thought.