p. 613. Education
- Rab Houston
‘Education’ looks at Scotland's tradition of teaching and learning. What differences existed between Highland and Lowland education? When was Scottish schooling at its most successful? The roots of Scotland's attitudes to education lie in the Reformation — how has a country that has been persistently poorer than England managed to educate a greater percentage of its population to a higher level for centuries? (In the 1860s university participation rates were fives times higher than in England.) Scotland's universities are examined, and the impact of the Enlightenment on teaching evaluated. The dominance of specific disciplines is outlined, for example Scotland's universities produced nine out of ten British medical graduates c. 1800.