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p. 514. Nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive wastelocked

  • Maxwell Irvine

Abstract

‘Nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste’ describes the different methods of reprocessing nuclear waste. It explains concerns about the use of reprocessing to produce nuclear weapons. Around 40% of nuclear fuel is obtained by reprocessing. Following India's demonstration that an independent nuclear weapons programme could be based on recycled waste from a commercial reactor, the USA banned all commercial reprocessing and plutonium extraction due to concerns about nuclear weapon proliferation. Later, the US Department of Energy proposed the formation of a Global Nuclear Partnership to promote the use of nuclear power and close the fuel cycle in order to reduce waste and the risk of weapon proliferation.

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