p. 514. Nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste
- Maxwell Irvine
‘Nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste’ describes the different methods of reprocessing nuclear waste. It explains concerns about the use of reprocessing to produce nuclear weapons. Around 40% of nuclear fuel is obtained by reprocessing. Following India's demonstration that an independent nuclear weapons programme could be based on recycled waste from a commercial reactor, the USA banned all commercial reprocessing and plutonium extraction due to concerns about nuclear weapon proliferation. Later, the US Department of Energy proposed the formation of a Global Nuclear Partnership to promote the use of nuclear power and close the fuel cycle in order to reduce waste and the risk of weapon proliferation.