Barthes's well-known text Mythologies, published in 1957, sets out to expose what was at stake in the representation of the everyday. Myth, Barthes explains, converts history into nature. ‘Difference and culture’ considers the importance of myths in every historical moment and the relationship between myth or ideology and culture. What is the difference between ideology and myth? There is some overlap, but which term should we adopt? Perhaps both words should be replaced with ‘culture’. However, that signifier is not without its problems and has the effect of implicating us all in the common practices of our society, which are neither true nor false but carry meanings and values we may not have chosen consciously.