Much has been written on the meanings that can be inferred from the subject matter of Renaissance art. In general, Renaissance artists aimed to do more than just imitate nature and evoke the Classical age: they wanted to surpass them both. ‘The challenge of nature and the antique’ takes a detailed look at the influences on Renaissance artists. Renaissance beholders saw linear perspective just as worthy of careful study and theoretical contemplation as nature, the human form, and Classical models. However, when it came to the actual art, paintings, sculptors, and their patrons were willing to adapt reality (past, present, spatial, or natural) for artistic purposes.