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p. 82. A view from the Mediterraneanlocked

  • Barry Cunliffe


‘A view from the Mediterranean’ shows the changing image of the Celts in ancient times. Knowledge of the Celts was limited until the fourth century BC, when they appeared as migrants, raiders, and mercenaries. Later the Romans encountered the Celts as native peoples to be conquered and governed. As barbarians, Celts were ‘other’, associated with bravery in war and drunkenness. Later writers depicted Greek and Roman civilization triumphing over savagery, with the Celts as a noble foe. The defeat of the Anatolian Gauls in the 160s ended the Celtic threat to the Graeco–Roman world. The image of the Celts began to change from vicious enemies to neighbours and trading partners.

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