What did Kafka think about God? Where did his philosophy of life sit? It is hard to tell if he is criticising the values of Christianity in his works or not. He was brought up in a Jewish family. ‘The last things’ considers Kafka's views on philosophy, religion, and life and death. The task of the individual, as he sees it, is to resist the world. But how is one to do that if one cannot know that anything is certain? And since one is estranged from oneself, perhaps the self from which one is estranged is in league with the rest of the world. This idea can be connected with the mind's estrangement from the body.