‘Afterlife’ argues that an account of Aristotle’s intellectual legacy would amount to a history of European thought. Aristotle’s various doctrines and beliefs were accepted and taught as truths, influencing philosophy, science, history, theology, poetry and drama. He founded the science of biology, setting it on a sure empirical and philosophical basis. In logic too, Aristotle founded a new science, and his logic remained until the end of the last century the logic of European thought. While Aristotle’s biology and logic are outdated, the same is not true of his more philosophical writings. Finally, Aristotle set before us, explicitly and implicitly, an ideal of human excellence.