‘After Alexander’ looks at Alexander's afterlife, and how many of the views of Alexander that are prominent in popular culture came into being. The Alexander that has come to us from ancient historical narratives developed under certain circumstances. He is the creation of Roman authors writing for a Roman audience. However, authors and scholars since Roman times have influenced how we see Alexander as well. The terms of the modern debate about Alexander were set in the Enlightenment. Historians are still trying to decide whether he was a romantic hero or a bloodthirsty tyrant. Did his campaigns bring good or harm? Whatever we think of Alexander the Great, the bigger question is, what did his contemporaries think of him?