Politics needs language to make proposals and form alliances. ‘Politics, language, and the state’ considers how language is a vehicle of political governance and discusses language planning. When a language is selected and promoted by a government or a majority population, this new linguistic thing becomes a political tool to craft a unified state and national identity; but language nationalism is also a driving force in the downgrading of minority languages and regional dialects. Language operates in two different directions. It is a powerful element in solidifying a nation or community, but also creates a translocal sense, spanning many regions and nations.