One in ten people in the world are an Indian youth aged under 30. This enormous population is poised to make a major contribution to the future of their country and the world. In India, as elsewhere, the hopes of the nation are projected onto youth. But are the conditions in India conducive to young people fulfilling societal hopes? If not, what can young people do to improve the situation in which they live? A large young adult population can be a ‘demographic dividend’ for a country, but only if the institutional and infrastructural environment is right. ‘Youth’ considers the state of education and healthcare in India today along with employment prospects for the young and youth politics.