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p. 544. Revolutionary terrorismlocked

  • Charles Townshend


The word ‘revolutionary’ has been applied over the last century in three social-political contexts: within existing nation-states; in external colonial situations; and in ‘internal colonial’ situations where ethnic groups are oppressed by a majority group within a single area. ‘Revolutionary terrorism’ explores contrasting motives for revolution: social transformation, assertion of ethnic identity, and progressive ideology. Terrorism can be divided into two ages: the late 19th century to early 20th century, where the aim was to seize political power from the established regime to bring about profound political and social change; and the early 20th century onwards, on the sidelines of political action, a terrorism of resistance.

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