‘Crime and punishment’ describes Foucault’s views on contemporary ideas on crime, punishment, and discipline and looks at his suggestions for alternative ways of thinking. Foucault discusses modern punishment’s demands for an inner transformation, a conversion of the heart. Is this modern control of the soul a means to a more subtle and pervasive control of the body? Foucault’s Discipline and Punish analysed modern society’s allegedly humanitarian treatment of a marginalized group and shows how this treatment involves its own form of domination. It focuses on the institutional structures rather than systems of thought. It is more of a genealogical work than an archaeological one.