‘Conclusion: The lessons of history’ asks What are the implications of the past for Scotland's future? One of the most obvious answers to this question is that Scots retain a deeply embedded sense of history. Modern Scotland is grounded on historical foundations and this provides a certain amount of continuity. Scots' historic experience of more localized government means that they think that central authority should intervene for benign ends, and that power should continue to be diffused. Relations between England and Scotland remain in a state of flux and no one knows what the future holds for each nation.