What about the future? What new legal challenges can we expect given the strong likelihood of continuing military operations around the world, coupled with increased across-the-board austerity in government operations? What changes in military justice may flow from technological innovation and changing expectations of fairness? ‘Peering ahead’ concludes that military justice is generally change-averse. Despite this, major reforms in the field of military justice around the globe can be anticipated. Change is also likely to be fostered as a result of broad national adherence to human rights instruments. Finally, some suggestions are provided for how military justice in the United States could be changed for the better.