‘Bronze elephants: classical and Christian culture’ looks at the Roman empire and Gothic, classical, and Christian culture. Some of the writings of Augustine are outlined, including On Christian Teaching and Confessions. Augustine asked how far classical culture could be useful to Christian scripture-based culture. Roman culture and administration continued, in Latin, under Gothic kings. The life of Cassiodorus, a Roman aristocrat who served the Goths, is used to illustrate how the gap was bridged between Gothic rulers and Roman bureaucrats, and between classical and biblical culture. Other Romans were much more confrontational about the intersection between classical and Christian culture, such as, the emperors Julian and Justinian.