Humanism involves a commitment to secularism, but what is it? Does it mean more than ‘not religious’? To a humanist, a secularist society is one in which there may be religions but the state takes a neutral view with respect to religion. It protects the freedom to believe, worship, express religious commitments, and the freedom not to believe etc.‘Humanism and secularism’ looks at what a ‘secular society’ would be like and analyses the advantages, threats, and challenges. One way in which the secular character of a society can be eroded is if the religious begin to insist their particular religious views are deserving of special, institutionalized systems of privilege.