There were two types of colonies: one was primarily formed to exploit labour, raw materials, and resources and the other was designed for settlement. ‘Indigenous, colonial, and postcolonial utopianism’ examines the importance of colonies to utopianism. They represent utopian dreams and more intentional communities have been established in colonies than in colonizing countries. Settler colonies became places of utopian experimentation, and as early as 1659, intentional communities were established in the American colonies such as the Ephrata community in Pennsylvania. Some of these communities are secular, others religious; some are open, others are closed; some date hundreds of years and some are being established now.