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date: 26 September 2021

p. 129Conclusionlocked

p. 129Conclusionlocked

  • Geoffrey Hosking


‘The Conclusion’ reviews the successes and weaknesses of Russia through its various incarnations from the Muscovite state to the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the post-Soviet era. It concludes that the authoritarian and personalized political structure which brought it success in the past is ill-suited to the entirely different challenges Russia faces today, of adjusting to a global high-tech economy and an increasingly interdependent world in which nuclear weapons have made war between major powers virtually impossible. The gap between rulers and ruled is widening once more and Russia's future path is uncertain.

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