What exactly does martyrdom mean? Who can be called a martyr? There are many corners of the world which honour statues, shrines, and murals to the memories of martyrs. They are also commemorated through films, art, and websites. The idea of martyrdom incites both devotion and debate. ‘Debating martyrdom’ defines martyrdom and the martyr, examines the modern idea of ‘predatory martyrdom’, considers when a suicide bomber becomes a martyr, and discusses the place religion plays in creating and inciting martyrs. Why are some deaths described as martyrdoms and others not? Why are some martyrs and martyrdoms remembered and honoured more than others?