9. Hybrid forms of peace
- Oliver P. Richmond
‘Hybrid forms of peace’ describes types of peace which lie beyond liberal peace frameworks. These are emerging in diverse locations around the world today and are neither strictly liberal nor local. They are hybrids, formed through political contestation involving a range of actors, their preferences, and security interests. These forms of peace can be either negative or positive. The issues that those aiming at peacebuilding and statebuilding face raise the question of how contributions to peace from a range of informal local actors may be understood and externally supported.