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p. 72. Mythology and historylocked

  • Ali M. Ansari


‘Mythology and history’ describes the combined mythological and historical narratives that have had a powerful influence on contemporary Iranian identity. The mythological dynasties and stories were first written down in the 10th century by Abul Qasem Ferdowsi, in his epic poem Shahnameh, which has endured through the Muslim conquest and European Enlightenment due to its ethical function. Real historical figures, including Khosrow I and the Sasanian dynasty, are also described. The legacy of the ancient world for modern Iran can be discerned in four distinct areas: language; religion; and history; all of which contributed to the fourth: a distinct culture and ethical world view, based on an idea of justice.

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