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p. 554. Genes as markerslocked

  • Jonathan Slack

Abstract

‘Genes as markers’ shows that most genetic variation does not affect gene function or activity, but it is still of enormous interest. Notably it enables the identification of individual people, useful in forensics in the form of DNA fingerprinting, the establishment of paternity, and other information about family relationships. It also provides some evidence about the migration of human populations in historic and prehistoric times. Genetic variation has also enabled biologists to examine the thorny issue of human racial differences and establish the degree to which there is any biological basis for perceived race.

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