Show Summary Details
Page of

date: 30 June 2022

p. 554. Genes as markerslocked

p. 554. Genes as markerslocked

  • Jonathan Slack


‘Genes as markers’ shows that most genetic variation does not affect gene function or activity, but it is still of enormous interest. Notably it enables the identification of individual people, useful in forensics in the form of DNA fingerprinting, the establishment of paternity, and other information about family relationships. It also provides some evidence about the migration of human populations in historic and prehistoric times. Genetic variation has also enabled biologists to examine the thorny issue of human racial differences and establish the degree to which there is any biological basis for perceived race.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.