- Tom Burns
- and Eva Burns‐Lundgren
Many of Freud’s followers began to develop their own ideas, the most influential being Carl Gustav Jung. ‘Post-Freudians: moving towards the interpersonal’ describes Jung as a romantic individual who believed that analysis had the potential to bring patients to an emotionally richer, more spiritual state. He introduced the concepts of introvert and extrovert, but is best known for his ideas on symbolism. Jungian psychotherapy is called analytical psychology to distinguish it from psychoanalysis. Analytical psychology aims for integration of the personality, aspiring to a harmony that accepts inherent contradictions rather than striving to reduce or eradicate them. The work of other neo-Freudians—Alfred Aldler, Erik Erikson, and John Bowlby’s attachment theory—are also described.