What does the phrase ‘separation of powers’ mean? Would the phrase ‘dynamic interaction’ be more accurate? ‘The Court and other branches’ examines the relationships between the president, Congress, and the Court. When relations appear peaceful, there is often tension beneath the surface, reflecting distinct institutional limits, perceptions, and responses to events. If relations deteriorate, disequilibrium can turn into a power struggle. Relations between the branches are governed as much by norms and customs as by formal structures. The result is a cycle of action and reaction, passing between the Court and the political branches.