‘The conquest of Mexico’ explores literature related to the seizure of Mexico by the conquistadores. Conquest was supposedly the legitimate seizure of land from enemies of Christianity, but this aim was debatable in many instances. Cortés explained how his Mexican conquest was mandated by Christian and Aztec prophecy, and placed the Castilians as the region's ‘natural lords’. Gomara's history emphasized the importance of ‘great’ men (like Cortés), but this view was disputed by the work of Bernal Diaz — one of Cortés' soldiers. Alva Ixtlilxochitl celebrated the great feats of his Texcocan forebears, and stressed the difficulty of the Mexican conquest.