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3. Big impactsthe Black Death

3. Big impacts: the Black Death  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2021
Published Online: 
Jun 2021
eISBN: 
9780191914164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198871118.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198871118
‘Big impacts’ focuses on the Black Death, which had an impact on every sphere of human activity. Indeed, the Black Death reshaped the course of European history. The case is strongest in ... More
6. Enduring images

6. Enduring images  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2021
Published Online: 
Jun 2021
eISBN: 
9780191914164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198871118.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198871118
‘Enduring images’ describes the various images which have been attached to plague. These include graphic metaphors, like the arrows of Apollo and the swords of biblical angels, which ... More
Introduction: the kinds of medicine

Introduction: the kinds of medicine  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
The ‘Introduction’ identifies the framework used in this book for understanding the history of medicine. It is presented through a typology of the five primary kinds of medicine, namely: ... More
7. The lessons of histories

7. The lessons of histories  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2021
Published Online: 
Jun 2021
eISBN: 
9780191914164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198871118.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198871118
‘The lesson of histories’ explores the lessons from histories of plague. These lessons highlight the importance of cultures and institutions, contexts and agents in creating epidemics and ... More
4. Madness and meaning

4. Madness and meaning  

Andrew Scull

in Madness: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778230
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199608034.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199608034
The 19th century saw considerable scientific study of the architecture of the brain and spinal cord. However, this made no contribution either to clinical care or cure of the insane. ... More
6. Madness cast out

6. Madness cast out  

Andrew Scull

in Madness: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778230
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199608034.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199608034
‘Madness cast out’ examines the dramatic changes in the psychiatric landscape that marked the late 20th century. These include the eclipse of psychoanalysis, a shift back to biological ... More
3. Madness confined

3. Madness confined  

Andrew Scull

in Madness: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778230
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199608034.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199608034
‘Madness confined’ reviews the care of the mad from the 18th to the mid-20th century. Initially, treatment was based on a humoral approach, combined with the use of chains and other ... More
5. Madness denied

5. Madness denied  

Andrew Scull

in Madness: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778230
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199608034.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199608034
‘Madness denied’ shows how the violence and mass slaughter of the 20th century influenced cultural perceptions of madness. The almost unique cultural authority of psychoanalysis in America ... More
2. Madness in chains

2. Madness in chains  

Andrew Scull

in Madness: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778230
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199608034.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199608034
According to ‘Madness in chains’, madness acquired a much greater cultural salience between the 17th and early 19th centuries. A fascination with madness is visible everywhere — in plays ... More
1. Madness unbound

1. Madness unbound  

Andrew Scull

in Madness: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778230
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199608034.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199608034
‘Madness unbound ’ explores social responses to madness. Our interpretations of it, and our notions of what is to be done about it, have varied remarkably over the centuries. Our early ... More
1. Medicine at the bedside

1. Medicine at the bedside  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine at the bedside’ examines the origins of Western medicine in ancient Greece, as relayed by the writings of Hippocrates, and the legacy of Hippocratic medicine. The approach was ... More
4. Medicine in the community

4. Medicine in the community  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the community’ examines the rise of public health in the nineteenth century, with its new concepts of state directives on healthcare and mass treatment and prevention ... More
3. Medicine in the hospital

3. Medicine in the hospital  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the hospital’ charts the ‘medical revolution’ seen in nineteenth-century France, and the development of new techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of physical and mental ... More
5. Medicine in the laboratory

5. Medicine in the laboratory  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the laboratory’ explores how medicine became a more scientific field, moving away from its reliance upon the experience of doctors towards results obtained by experiment in the ... More
2. Medicine in the library

2. Medicine in the library  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the library’ describes the continued influence of ancient manuscripts throughout Europe and the Middle East, and how individuals with access to such texts dominated healthcare ... More
6. Medicine in the modern world

6. Medicine in the modern world  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the modern world’ considers the consequences for modern medicine of the topics covered in the earlier chapters, as well as the impact of cost and the implications of a ... More
2. Pandemics and epidemics

2. Pandemics and epidemics  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2021
Published Online: 
Jun 2021
eISBN: 
9780191914164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198871118.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198871118
‘Pandemics and epidemics’ starts by looking at the conventional picture of the history of plague which divides it into three long pandemics, each of them made up of a series of separate but ... More
1. Plaguewhat’s in a name?

1. Plague: what’s in a name?  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2021
Published Online: 
Jun 2021
eISBN: 
9780191914164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198871118.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198871118
‘Plague’ discusses the identity of plague. The word ‘plague’ has been used over the centuries to denote an epidemic disease of particular severity and dramatic impact, and a disease which ... More
4. Private horrors

4. Private horrors  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2021
Published Online: 
Jun 2021
eISBN: 
9780191914164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198871118.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198871118
‘Private horrors’ details the experiences of plague, looking at narrative sources illustrating how people coped. There were always two stories to tell about plague. One is about heroes ... More
5. Public health

5. Public health  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2021
Published Online: 
Jun 2021
eISBN: 
9780191914164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198871118.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198871118
‘Public health’ addresses plague policies and the notions of public health they embodied. The particular character of plague epidemics undoubtedly made its own contribution to the ways in ... More

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