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6. Cell differentiation and stem cells

6. Cell differentiation and stem cells  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
The development of many different cell types such as muscle, blood, and skin is known as cell differentiation. ‘Cell differentiation and stem cells’ shows how this first occurs in the ... More
1. Cells

1. Cells  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
Development results from the coordinated behaviour of cells and is almost entirely determined by which proteins the cell contains. ‘Cells’ discusses the major processes involved in ... More
11. Evolution

11. Evolution  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Evolution’ shows that development is a fundamental process in the evolution of multicellular organisms. The evolution of multicellular forms of all animals and plants is the result of ... More
5. Germ cells and sex

5. Germ cells and sex  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
The outcome of germ-cell development in animals is either sperm or an egg. ‘Germ cells and sex’ describes the three key functions of germ cells: the preservation of the genetic integrity of ... More
9. Growth, cancer, and ageing

9. Growth, cancer, and ageing  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Growth, cancer, and ageing’ first considers growth, which can be due to an increase of cell proliferation, cell enlargement without division, or by accretion of extracellular material, ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
That we develop from a single cell, the fertilized egg, just one tenth of a millimetre in diameter— smaller than a full stop—is amazing. That egg has all the information to develop into a ... More
3. Invertebrates and plants

3. Invertebrates and plants  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Invertebrates and plants’ considers the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, as examples of invertebrate development, and the small cress-like weed ... More
4. Morphogenesis

4. Morphogenesis  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Morphogenesis’ describes the changing shape of animal embryos during their early development, which principally occurs during gastrulation, where a two-dimensional sheet of cells is ... More
8. Nervous system

8. Nervous system  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
The nervous system is the most complex of the organ systems in the animal embryo. ‘Nervous system’ shows that the nervous-system development can be divided into four major stages: the ... More
7. Organs

7. Organs  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Organs’ considers organogenesis — organ development, which involves large numbers of genes. Pattern formation in development in a variety of organs can be specified by positional ... More
10. Regeneration

10. Regeneration  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
Regeneration is the ability of the fully developed organism to replace tissues, organs, and appendages. ‘Regeneration’ distinguishes between two types of regeneration: epimorphosis where ... More
2. Vertebrates

2. Vertebrates  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Vertebrates’ explains the developmental stages of vertebrates from embryos, including the development of the antero-posterior and dorso-ventral axes that define the left and right sides of ... More

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