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2. The Age of the Ghetto

2. The Age of the Ghetto  

Bryan Cheyette

in The Ghetto: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2020
Published Online: 
Aug 2020
eISBN: 
9780191847202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198809951.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198809951
‘The Age of the Ghetto’ originated in Italy in the mid-16th century and ended around the time of the French Revolution. Italian city-states, reluctant to sacrifice their economic interests, ... More
3. All in the mind?

3. All in the mind?  

Owen Davies

in Magic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777929
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588022.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588022
There is a long history of scepticism regarding magic. ‘All in the mind? ’ looks at magicians, witchcraft, and psychoanalysis. In 16th-century England Reginald Scot learned the tricks of ... More
3. Amateurs and professionals

3. Amateurs and professionals  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
The vast majority of people who play sport are amateurs who take part for a variety of reasons relating to their social lives, health, and for the pure pleasure of it. ‘Amateurs and ... More
9. America, Africa, and Australia

9. America, Africa, and Australia  

Gordon Campbell

in Garden History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191783302
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689873.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689873
‘America, Africa, and Australia’ provides highlights of garden history in North America, Central America, South America, South Africa, and Australia. North America’s earliest traditional ... More
1. The ancient and medieval garden

1. The ancient and medieval garden  

Gordon Campbell

in Garden History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191783302
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689873.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689873
‘The ancient and medieval garden’ considers the earliest documented gardens from around the world. It begins with the gardens of the Near East and eastern Mediterranean, such as the gardens ... More
1. Anthropologies of magic

1. Anthropologies of magic  

Owen Davies

in Magic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777929
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588022.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588022
In ‘Anthropologies of magic’ thinkers such as Marx, Hegel, Frazer, Durkheim, Douglas, Mauss, and Spence address the place of magic in modern Europe. Debates rage over whether magic ... More
8. Britain

8. Britain  

Gordon Campbell

in Garden History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191783302
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689873.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689873
‘Britain’ considers the garden history of the British Isles through the Renaissance to the present day. The burgeoning of English gardens in the 18th and 19th centuries often obliterated ... More
7. Brotherhood challenged

7. Brotherhood challenged  

Andreas Önnerfors

in Freemasonry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837364
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796275.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796275
From its outset, freemasonry has been perceived as a distinctly male form of sociability. However, criticism of its exclusion of women began early on and eventually led to the establishment ... More
5. Business

5. Business  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
‘Business’ describes the commercialization of sport that began in the late 19th century and, with the advent of television, became even greater in the second half of the 20th century. Sport ... More
5. The century of the child and beyond

5. The century of the child and beyond  

James Marten

in The History of Childhood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780190681418
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190681388.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190681388
The 1989 Convention of the Rights of the Child, issued by the United Nations, provided a far more detailed and supposedly binding set of conditions and rights than the 1924 Declaration of ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
Sport is a physical activity still enjoyed as a natural expression of athleticism and energy, in many different forms and settings, by millions of people around the globe. At the elite ... More
7. Contemporary debates

7. Contemporary debates  

Sarah M. S. Pearsall

in Polygamy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2022
Published Online: 
Apr 2022
eISBN: 
9780197533208
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780197533178.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780197533178
‘Contemporary debates’ opens with a government raid on the residents of the Arizona town of Short Creek in 1953. They were practicing polygamy as members of the Fundamentalist Church of ... More
4. Creating a worldview of childhood

4. Creating a worldview of childhood  

James Marten

in The History of Childhood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780190681418
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190681388.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190681388
The League of Nations made history on September 26, 1924, when it adopted a resolution declaring that children enjoyed certain rights. The Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child ... More
6. Dark side

6. Dark side  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
Sport is not simply about who wins or loses the game. While events on the field of play may constitute the limits of the actual physical sporting experience, the impact of sport is felt far ... More
3. Early modern encounters

3. Early modern encounters  

Sarah M. S. Pearsall

in Polygamy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2022
Published Online: 
Apr 2022
eISBN: 
9780197533208
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780197533178.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780197533178
‘Early modern encounters’ focuses on moments of conflict over polygamy in three major settings of the early modern world. Christian missionaries were keen to end polygamy among many world ... More
3. The East Asian garden

3. The East Asian garden  

Gordon Campbell

in Garden History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191783302
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689873.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689873
‘The East Asian garden’ considers the garden history of China and Japan, where the design emphasis is often on rocks and water. The Chinese see the garden through the prism of a set of ... More
4. Enlightenment foundations

4. Enlightenment foundations  

Andreas Önnerfors

in Freemasonry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837364
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796275.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796275
When freemasonry entered the 18th century, a new layer of ideas was added. The brotherhood associated itself and was associated with science in general and with the new culture of Newtonian ... More
Epilogue: Beyond Harlem

Epilogue: Beyond Harlem  

Cheryl A. Wall

in The Harlem Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780190605544
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199335558.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199335558
Many renaissance writers did not make Harlem their home and the ones that did travelled extensively. They found the air freer to breathe abroad. Like their white compatriots, they ... More
Final thoughts

Final thoughts  

Owen Davies

in Magic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777929
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588022.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588022
Magic does not live in the past — magic is alive and well today, all over the world. Magic has a range of meanings and has still has relevance. Magic is a language, a belief, an action, ... More
5. France

5. France  

Gordon Campbell

in Garden History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191783302
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689873.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689873
‘France’ explains how in early French estates the house and garden were usually designed independently. Distinctive features of 16th-century French gardens were the presence of a canal and ... More

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