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6. Appetite, fat, and obesity

6. Appetite, fat, and obesity  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
‘Appetite, fat, and obesity’ considers the role of insulin in the body’s fat storage process. In the condition diabetes mellitus, the sugar level in the blood rises uncontrollably so the ... More
8. Biotechnology and synthetic biology

8. Biotechnology and synthetic biology  

Mark Lorch

in Biochemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2021
Published Online: 
May 2021
eISBN: 
9780191872235
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198833871.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198833871
This chapter explores the fields of biotechnology and synthetic biology. The micro-scale of synthetic biology clearly indicates the use of knowledge drawn from biochemistry. But its ... More
9. Changing perspectives

9. Changing perspectives  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
It is now more realistic to see hormones as a collection of biologically active chemicals, each of which just happens to cause one cell to change its behaviour in response to another, ... More
3. The chemical nature of enzymes

3. The chemical nature of enzymes  

Paul Engel

in Enzymes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780191863820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198824985.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198824985
‘The chemical nature of enzymes’ evaluates the chemical nature of enzymes. To discover the chemical nature of enzymes, it was essential to obtain them in a pure form. To this end, the early ... More
7. Enzymes and disease

7. Enzymes and disease  

Paul Engel

in Enzymes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780191863820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198824985.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198824985
‘Enzymes and disease’ assesses how, in relation to medical science, enzymes may be the problem or they might offer the solution. What happens if enzymes are faulty in some way? Enzyme ... More
9. Enzymes and genes—new horizons

9. Enzymes and genes—new horizons  

Paul Engel

in Enzymes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780191863820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198824985.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198824985
‘Enzymes and genes—new horizons’ studies molecular genetics. It details how the method of ‘site-directed mutagenesis’ opened the door to what rapidly became known as protein engineering. ... More
8. Enzymes as tools

8. Enzymes as tools  

Paul Engel

in Enzymes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780191863820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198824985.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198824985
‘Enzymes as tools’ addresses the application of enzymes on the industrial stage. In the past, there were considerable barriers to this wider application of enzymes: enzymes were typically ... More
5. Enzymes in action

5. Enzymes in action  

Paul Engel

in Enzymes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780191863820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198824985.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198824985
‘Enzymes in action’ explores a few interesting examples which illustrate the sophistication and subtlety of enzymes in action. One function of the digestive system is to dismantle food ... More
7. Following biochemistry within the cell

7. Following biochemistry within the cell  

Mark Lorch

in Biochemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2021
Published Online: 
May 2021
eISBN: 
9780191872235
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198833871.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198833871
This chapter presents key advances in the study of individual molecules within cells. When one applies this individualistic methodology to biochemicals, one enters the realms of ... More
5. The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer

5. The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
‘The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer’ considers calcium and the hormone systems that regulate it. These hormones keep the correct balance between the highly reactive Ca2+ ... More
1. Hormones, history, and the shoulders of giants

1. Hormones, history, and the shoulders of giants  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
‘Hormones, history, and the shoulders of giants’ begins with accounts of extreme human growth: William Rice, a 7 feet 4 inches tall ‘giant’ who died in 1773, and the Efe people of ... More
2. How hormones work

2. How hormones work  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
What is a hormone? ‘How hormones work’ defines a hormone as a chemical signal which enables an event in one part of the body to have an effect somewhere else. Hormones make up one of the ... More
8. Light and dark

8. Light and dark  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
Many of the body’s rhythms reflect the circadian cycle, but how do they interact? ‘Light and dark’ describes a network of systems involving the senses, parts of the brain, the activation ... More
2. Making things happen—catalysis

2. Making things happen—catalysis  

Paul Engel

in Enzymes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780191863820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198824985.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198824985
‘Making things happen—catalysis’ examines chemical catalysis, considering what makes a reaction go or not go and how enzymes catalyse particular chemical reactions. This process is not ... More
6. Manufacturing and maintaining DNA

6. Manufacturing and maintaining DNA  

Mark Lorch

in Biochemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2021
Published Online: 
May 2021
eISBN: 
9780191872235
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198833871.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198833871
This chapter assesses DNA replication. The double-helix of DNA could easily be separated into two individual strands, each of which acts as a template for the manufacturing of a new ... More
6. Metabolic pathways and enzyme evolution

6. Metabolic pathways and enzyme evolution  

Paul Engel

in Enzymes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780191863820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198824985.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198824985
‘Metabolic pathways and enzyme evolution’ focuses on metabolic pathways and enzyme evolution. Although a few enzymes catalyse a single isolated reaction, most are part of a team that ... More
3. The mysteries of reproduction

3. The mysteries of reproduction  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
‘The mysteries of reproduction’ begins with Pergonal (human menopausal gonadotrophin), a hormone preparation extracted from urine which contains pituitary hormones crucial to the ... More
1. No enzymes, no life

1. No enzymes, no life  

Paul Engel

in Enzymes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780191863820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198824985.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198824985
‘No enzymes, no life’ discusses the role of enzymes and how they orchestrate the whole of life. Almost every chemical step in every living thing is guided by its own dedicated enzyme. Out ... More
4. Nucleic acidslife’s blueprints

4. Nucleic acids: life’s blueprints  

Mark Lorch

in Biochemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2021
Published Online: 
May 2021
eISBN: 
9780191872235
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198833871.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198833871
This chapter focuses on nucleic acids. It begins by describing the central dogma of molecular biology. Fundamentally, the central dogma consists of DNA replication—the straightforward ... More
5. Powering a cellbioenergetics

5. Powering a cell: bioenergetics  

Mark Lorch

in Biochemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2021
Published Online: 
May 2021
eISBN: 
9780191872235
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198833871.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198833871
This chapter looks at some examples of how the groups of major macro- and micromolecules that play a role in biochemistry work in unison, creating interconnected pathways of chemical ... More

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