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4. Disturbance and dynamics

4. Disturbance and dynamics  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
Forests are in a constant state of change so it is difficult to identify any single ‘natural’ state. ‘Disturbance and dynamics’ considers an example of a forest that has had a ... More
8. Edible mushrooms and fungal biotechnology

8. Edible mushrooms and fungal biotechnology  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘Edible mushrooms and fungal biotechnology’ turns to the ways fungi are used to improve our lives. The pleasure of eating wild mushrooms, tempered with awareness of the poisonous nature of ... More
5. Forest goods and services

5. Forest goods and services  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
Our increasingly urbanized modern society is distanced from forest habitats so it is easy to forget that forests continue to provide many goods that we take for granted, as well as ... More
3. Forest origins

3. Forest origins  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
The origins of forests lie in the evolution of a key innovation some 400 million years ago (Mya): water-conducting canals stiffened with lignin that provided structural support allowing ... More
1. Forests in human culture

1. Forests in human culture  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
Forests have long had a strong hold on the collective conscience of humankind, conjuring various interpretations. These include forests as benign life-supporting habitats of great biotic ... More
2. Fungal diversity

2. Fungal diversity  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘Fungal diversity’ considers three species that illustrate the spectacular range of structural complexity found among fungi: Olpidium brassicae, Spirodactylon aureum, and Sphaerobolus ... More
3. Fungal genetics and life cycles

3. Fungal genetics and life cycles  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
All of the structures produced by fungi, from simple budding yeast cells to long-lived bracket mushrooms, are encoded in genes. The genome of the fungus is a blueprint for its organization ... More
4. Fungal mutualisms

4. Fungal mutualisms  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘Fungal mutualisms’ considers symbiotic relationships in which the fungus and its partner benefit from their biological interaction. Examples of mutualisms with insects include fungi that ... More
6. Fungi and decomposition

6. Fungi and decomposition  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
Fungi that do not form supportive or parasitic relationships with plants and animals feed on the debris of life. These are saprotrophs that decompose dead roots, leaves, flowers, fruits, ... More
5. Fungi as parasites of plants

5. Fungi as parasites of plants  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
Parasitic fungi that grow on plants have reshaped the biosphere and caused the deaths of millions of people since the beginning of agriculture. Dutch elm disease and chestnut blight are ... More
7. Fungi in animal health and disease

7. Fungi in animal health and disease  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘Fungi in animal health and disease’ considers the fungi that populate the healthy human microbiome and the nature of superficial and systemic fungal infections in humans and other animals. ... More
2. Living on dry land

2. Living on dry land  

Timothy Walker

in Plants: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777837
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584062.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584062
‘Living on dry land’considers land plants, without which there would be no terrestrial ecosystems. The first land plants were liverwort-like; they needed to find ways for taking up water ... More
7. Looking after the plants that support us

7. Looking after the plants that support us  

Timothy Walker

in Plants: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777837
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584062.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584062
‘Looking after the plants that support us’ is concerned with plant conservation. It outlines the targets and expectations of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Global ... More
3. Making more plants

3. Making more plants  

Timothy Walker

in Plants: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777837
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584062.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584062
‘Making more plants’ discusses the two main processes of reproduction in plants. Firstly, vegetative, or asexual, reproduction which is simple in that only one plant is required to make ... More
5. Making sense of plant diversity

5. Making sense of plant diversity  

Timothy Walker

in Plants: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777837
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584062.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584062
‘Making sense of plant diversity’ looks at the history of the naming and classification of plants. Beginning with Enquiry into Plants by Theophrastus, over 2,300 years ago, details of plant ... More
2. Many forests

2. Many forests  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
What is a forest? The many different purposes of forest use and varieties of forest types justify many definitions, but a single definition is needed for national and global policy ... More
4. Moving around

4. Moving around  

Timothy Walker

in Plants: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777837
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584062.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584062
Is the dispersal of plants important? ‘Moving around’ considers the dispersal mechanisms of spores in liverworts, mosses, and ferns, and seeds in other plants. Spores are light enough to be ... More
6. Past, present, and future

6. Past, present, and future  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
‘Past, present, and future’ begins with a history of European deforestation that began through the Neolithic and Bronze Age (2400–750 bc). It goes on to describe the recent large-scale ... More
6. What have plants ever done for us?

6. What have plants ever done for us?  

Timothy Walker

in Plants: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777837
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584062.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584062
‘What have plants ever done for us?’ outlines the two broad groups of reasoning as to why plants are important. Firstly, they provide big ecological services: provisioning (e.g. food or ... More
1. What is a fungus?

1. What is a fungus?  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘What is a fungus?’ explores the evolutionary origins of fungi and how they differ from plants and animals. The fungi are united by three principal characteristics: they are eukaryotes, ... More

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