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1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?

1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘“A and not A”: what is fascism?’ examines how fascism has been defined. Whereas Marxists held capitalists responsible for fascism, Weberians blamed the pre-industrial, or feudal, ruling ... More
6. AccountingParliament and politicians

6. Accounting: Parliament and politicians  

Tony Wright

in British Politics: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2020
Published Online: 
Jun 2020
eISBN: 
9780191866210
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198827320.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198827320
‘Accounting: parliament and politicians’ looks at the ways in which ministers are held accountable through parliament, the media and select committees, and not least by the electorate. ... More
2. Advancement

2. Advancement  

Allen C. Guelzo

in Lincoln: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365661
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195367805.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195367805
‘Advancement’ describes how, in the aftermath of the War of 1812, the penetration of the markets promised a social and moral revolution equal to that of 1776, through the cheapening of ... More
6. Advantages and disadvantages of federalism

6. Advantages and disadvantages of federalism  

Mark J. Rozell and Clyde Wilcox

in Federalism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780190900083
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190900052.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190900052
Advantages and disadvantages of federalism as much as the federal system is the preferred option of Americans who historically have had a skeptical view of centralized power, it is far from ... More
9. Africa’s international relations

9. Africa’s international relations  

Ian Taylor

in African Politics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191844140
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806578.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806578
Despite the myth of marginality and irrelevance, Africa has always played an important role in international politics. The slave trade, the Scramble for Africa and subsequent colonial ... More
6. Aftermath

6. Aftermath  

Peter Singer

in Hegel: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775468
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801975.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801975
‘Aftermath’ looks at the more immediate influence Hegel had in the world after his death. His followers split into two camps: the orthodox or Right Hegelians who followed in the style of ... More
5. Agriculture, regions, budget: conflicts over who gets what

5. Agriculture, regions, budget: conflicts over who gets what  

Simon Usherwood and John Pinder

in The European Union: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198808855.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198808855
‘Agriculture, regions, budget: conflicts over who gets what’ argues that because the single market enhances productivity in the economy, there is benefit for most people. But there will be ... More
1. American federalism in comparative perspective

1. American federalism in comparative perspective  

Mark J. Rozell and Clyde Wilcox

in Federalism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780190900083
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190900052.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190900052
“American federalism in comparative perspective” outlines how, in 1787, a new American constitution was drafted which replaced the confederation with a federal form of government. This ... More
7. ‘An area of freedom, security and justice’

7. ‘An area of freedom, security and justice’  

Simon Usherwood and John Pinder

in The European Union: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198808855.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198808855
‘An area of freedom, security and justice’ explains the two main aims of the Schengen Agreements of 1985 and 1990. The first concerned border controls: to eliminate those internal to ... More
5. The ANZUS Treaty

5. The ANZUS Treaty  

Joseph M. Siracusa

in Diplomacy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777950
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588503.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588503
‘The ANZUS Treaty’ considers the contentious relationship between Australia and the United States of America during the Cold War. Australia's Minister for External Affairs, Herbert V. ... More
3. Architectures

3. Architectures  

Klaus Dodds

in Geopolitics: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191868825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830764.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830764
The term ‘geopolitical architecture’ is used to describe the ways in which states and non-state organizations access, manage, and regulate the intersection of territories and flows, and in ... More
3. ArguingThe politics of ideas

3. Arguing: The politics of ideas  

Tony Wright

in British Politics: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2020
Published Online: 
Jun 2020
eISBN: 
9780191866210
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198827320.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198827320
‘Arguing: the politics of ideas’ characterizes Britain’s political culture as one of institutionalized adversarialism. Arguments from the ‘left’ and ‘right’ are framed by debates and the ... More
5. Aristocracy eclipsed

5. Aristocracy eclipsed  

William Doyle

in Aristocracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776908
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199206780.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199206780
‘Aristocracy eclipsed’ details the decline of aristocratic primacy. Aristocracy has been challenged by popular rebellion throughout its existence. It has also been criticized by thinkers ... More
1. The best hope of mankind? A brief history of the UN

1. The best hope of mankind? A brief history of the UN  

Jussi M. Hanhimäki

in The United Nations: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780190222734
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190222703.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190222703
The International Peace Conference in 1899 established the Permanent Court of Arbitration as the first medium for international disputes, but it was the League of Nations, established in ... More
4. Beyond the dominant orthodoxies

4. Beyond the dominant orthodoxies  

Michael Newman

in Socialism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2020
Published Online: 
Sep 2020
eISBN: 
9780191873690
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198836421.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198836421
Following the collapse of the Soviet bloc, countries around the world struggled to implement their versions of social democracy. ‘Beyond the dominant orthodoxies’ looks at recent ... More
6. BRICS as the recognition of states, not societies

6. BRICS as the recognition of states, not societies  

Andrew F. Cooper

in The BRICS: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790119
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723394.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723394
The BRICS, at its core, is a state-centric project. The emphasis is on the assertion—and granting—of a heightened degree of recognition within the global system. The motivations combine the ... More
2. A brief history of American political parties

2. A brief history of American political parties  

L. Sandy Maisel

in American Political Parties and Elections: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780190458195
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190458164.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190458164
‘A brief history of American political parties’ traces the development of US politics from the initial emergence of parties as the Founders differed on policies they believed served the ... More
2. A Brief History of Communism in Power

2. A Brief History of Communism in Power  

Leslie Holmes

in Communism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777356
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551545.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551545
‘A brief history of communism in power’ describes how, by the 1970s, more than a third of the world's population lived in a Communist system. By the end of the 1940s, the number of states ... More
1. The Britishness of British politics

1. The Britishness of British politics  

Tony Wright

in British Politics: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2020
Published Online: 
Jun 2020
eISBN: 
9780191866210
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198827320.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198827320
What makes the British political system distinctive? ‘The Britishness of British politics’ explains Britain’s long and remarkable history of stability. Despite relatively late universal ... More
2. Building the bomb

2. Building the bomb  

Joseph M. Siracusa

in Nuclear Weapons: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2020
Published Online: 
Sep 2020
eISBN: 
9780191892578
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198860532.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198860532
‘Building the bomb’ looks at the origins of the Manhattan Project following the Einstein–Szilárd letter to President Roosevelt, and the journey to Hiroshima and Nagasaki. At the time of ... More

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