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1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?

1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘“A and not A”: what is fascism?’ examines how fascism has been defined. Whereas Marxists held capitalists responsible for fascism, Weberians blamed the pre-industrial, or feudal, ruling ... More
17. ‘A Great Change in Manners’

17. ‘A Great Change in Manners’  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘A Great Change in Manners‘ draws attention to the remarkable order and balance of British society between the 1850s and 1890s. Despite massive industrial and social change, crime fell in ... More
2. A spectrum of jobs

2. A spectrum of jobs  

Stephen Fineman

in Work: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778452
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199699360.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199699360
We divide work into two categories: what can be counted and what cannot. Work that falls into the latter category, despite not appearing in Gross National Product statistics, is vital to ... More
4. The abolitionist crossroads

4. The abolitionist crossroads  

Richard S. Newman

in Abolitionism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780190914035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190213220.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190213220
After the turbulent 1830s, doubt and discord haunted the antislavery ranks. Facing opposition in the North and South, immediate abolitionists quarrelled not only with their opponents but ... More
5. The abolitionist renaissance and the coming of the Civil War

5. The abolitionist renaissance and the coming of the Civil War  

Richard S. Newman

in Abolitionism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780190914035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190213220.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190213220
Although abolitionists never enjoyed widespread popularity in the United States, they found that northerners were more interested in their critiques of slavery during the 1850s. “The ... More
6. Abortion

6. Abortion  

Damien Keown

in Buddhist Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775994
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804570.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804570
Are Buddhists pro-life or pro-choice? For Buddhism, life is a continuum with no discernible start or end, and this puts in interesting dimension on the issue of abortion. ‘Abortion’ looks ... More
4. ‘Absolutes’, Simple Natures, and Problems

4. ‘Absolutes’, Simple Natures, and Problems  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
‘Absolutes, Simple Natures and Problems’ deals mainly with the Regulae, an incomplete treatise which anticipated some of the innovations of the Geometry, and which adapted, in outline, some ... More
5. Absurdism, protest, and commitment

5. Absurdism, protest, and commitment  

Kirsten E. Shepherd-Barr

in Modern Drama: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785269
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199658770.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199658770
The decades 1960–80 witnessed a seismic shift in modern drama. The rage that came to define, and fuel, much of the drama in the 1960s and 1970s is directed at the audience. ‘Absurdism, ... More
5. Accelerators: cosmic and man-made

5. Accelerators: cosmic and man-made  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Accelerators: cosmic and man-made’ explores the different ways of generating subatomic particles. One simple way of finding particles is to look at cosmic rays. This provides very high ... More
8. Accounting as control

8. Accounting as control  

Christopher Nobes

in Accounting: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779879
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684311.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684311
How does budgeting work, and how is it useful? What are standard costs and how do they help in controlling production? How can a balanced scorecard improve control? ‘Accounting as control’ ... More
6. Accounting: heckling the steamroller?

6. Accounting: heckling the steamroller?  

Tony Wright

in British Politics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661107.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661107
‘Accounting: heckling the steamroller’ looks at how Government is held accountable. This happens in various ways, not least by the electorate, and increasingly through the media, but ... More
4. Accretion

4. Accretion  

James Binney

in Astrophysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Mar 2016
eISBN: 
9780191814273
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198752851.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198752851
The principle of angular momentum conservation was crucial for the creation of the disc of the Milky Way and plays a large role in many of the most exotic and luminous objects in the ... More
3. Achievements and challengesThe history the founding fathers made

3. Achievements and challenges: The history the founding fathers made  

R. B. Bernstein

in The Founding Fathers: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780190273545
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190273514.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190273514
For seven decades, the founding fathers played pivotal roles in creating an American nation and its constitutional system. “Achievements and challenges: The history the founding fathers ... More
6. Across the ocean: seafaring and overseas expansion

6. Across the ocean: seafaring and overseas expansion  

Julian D. Richards

in The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191776151
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806079.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806079
What was it about the Vikings and their dragon-headed longships that makes them seem so distinctive in our imagination? Overseas exploits were not exceptional at that time. ‘Across the ... More
3. Across the world

3. Across the world  

William K. Kay

in Pentecostalism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777677
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575152.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575152
‘Across the world’ shows how Pentecostalism expanded globally through missionary agencies and by the planting of self-sustaining congregations adapted to local culture. It was less welcome ... More
1. The Act of Union

1. The Act of Union  

Senia Pašeta

in Modern Ireland: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775406
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801678.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801678
‘The Act of Union’ covers the period of history leading up to the Act of Union in 1801. Ireland was a rural society at that time. People were largely Catholic, but Protestants owned most of ... More
8. Acting

8. Acting  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Why is there a relation between handedness and the cerebral hemisphere that is specialized for language? How is it that we can learn the violin? Why can’t we tickle ourselves? ‘Acting’ ... More
1. An Ad Hoc NavyThe Revolutionary War (1775–1783)

1. An Ad Hoc Navy: The Revolutionary War (1775–1783)  

Craig L. Symonds

in American Naval History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
May 2018
eISBN: 
9780199394777
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199394760.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199394760
‘An ad hoc navy: the Revolutionary War (1775–1783)’ describes the Patriots’ response to the British Royal Navy strongholds in Boston and New York and the role of armed vessels during the ... More
4. Adam and Eve, Hijra, LGBTQs, and the shake-up of gender identities

4. Adam and Eve, Hijra, LGBTQs, and the shake-up of gender identities  

Florian Coulmas

in Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828549
Like race, gender seems to be an immutable element of our identity, while in both cases natural and socio-cultural determinants interact. ‘Adam and Eve, Hijra, LGBTQs, and the shake-up of ... More
5. Adaptation and natural selection

5. Adaptation and natural selection  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
The biological explanation of the origin of adaptation replaces the idea of a Designer, and is central to post-Darwinian evolutionary biology. ‘Adaptation and natural selection’ describes ... More

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