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6. Across the ocean: seafaring and overseas expansion

6. Across the ocean: seafaring and overseas expansion  

Julian D. Richards

in The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191776151
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806079.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806079
What was it about the Vikings and their dragon-headed longships that makes them seem so distinctive in our imagination? Overseas exploits were not exceptional at that time. ‘Across the ... More
2. The adviser to princes

2. The adviser to princes  

Quentin Skinner

in Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191874215
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198837572.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198837572
‘The adviser to princes’ considers The Prince, completed in 1513, but not published until 1532. Machiavelli wrote it partly to recommend himself to the new Medici rulers of Florence. The ... More
6. Æthelred and Cnut: The Decline of the English Monarchy

6. Æthelred and Cnut: The Decline of the English Monarchy  

John Blair

in The Anglo-Saxon Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776571
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854032.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854032
The following two reigns after Eadgar would show that there were many limitations to West Saxon kingship of England. Edward ‘the Martyr’ lasted just a short while before being replaced ... More
2. Angevin kingship: making and breaking royal law

2. Angevin kingship: making and breaking royal law  

Nicholas Vincent

in Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777806
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199582877.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199582877
‘Angevin kingship: making and breaking royal law’ examines the context of Plantagenent rule, with particular attention given to legal matters. The Plantagenents have a reputation for ... More
3. The big ideaChristian salvation

3. The big idea: Christian salvation  

Miri Rubin

in The Middle Ages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781285
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697298.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697298
‘The big idea: Christian salvation’ shows how an elite of religious leaders shaped European life and extended the reach of Christianity further north. The monastic tradition—Benedictine and ... More
3. The bonds of tenure, ecclesiastical and secular

3. The bonds of tenure, ecclesiastical and secular  

George Garnett

in The Norman Conquest: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801616.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801616
‘The bonds of tenure, ecclesiastical and secular’ highlights the most important novelty of the Conquest as homage, which came to constitute the relationship between royal lord and vassal on ... More
4. Brave new worlds

4. Brave new worlds  

Jerry Brotton

in The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775383
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801630.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801630
In 1482, a new edition of Ptolemy's Geography was published. This transformed 15th-century perceptions of the shape and size of the earth. ‘Brave new worlds’ shows how Ptolemy's Geography ... More
6. The business of the cross

6. The business of the cross  

Christopher Tyerman

in The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806550
The power of the cross wasn't enough to start a crusade. The translation of the obligation to fight depended on many other circumstances such as personal, political, social, financial, and ... More
4. Changes in the countryside

4. Changes in the countryside  

Julian D. Richards

in The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191776151
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806079.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806079
Archaeologists argue that the Vikings' origins lay in a process of gradual settlement evolution, as well as a growing complexity in settlement types. ‘Changes in the countryside’ looks at ... More
6. The charter as totem and as artefact

6. The charter as totem and as artefact  

Nicholas Vincent

in Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777806
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199582877.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199582877
‘The charter as totem and as artefact’ explores the ways in which Magna Carta has been used in the centuries after its creation. Magna Carta's role in the power struggle between Parliament ... More
5. The charter defeated: the charter victorious

5. The charter defeated: the charter victorious  

Nicholas Vincent

in Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777806
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199582877.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199582877
‘The charter defeated: the charter victorious’ describes the short-term failure and long-term success of Magna Carta. Within nine weeks of its issue, Magna Carta was redundant because most ... More
3. Christianity and the Monastic Culture

3. Christianity and the Monastic Culture  

John Blair

in The Anglo-Saxon Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776571
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854032.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854032
At the turn of the seventh century, all the English kings and their courts converted to Christianity. In the complex melting pot that was Britain at that time, Christian influences came ... More
3. Church and state

3. Church and state  

Jerry Brotton

in The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775383
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801630.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801630
Between 1400 and 1600 religious belief was integral to everyday life. It was impossible to separate religion from political authority, international finance, art, and learning. This ... More
Conclusion Crusading our contemporary

Conclusion Crusading our contemporary  

Christopher Tyerman

in The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806550
The Crusades are embedded in our mythical memory. The way that the history of the Crusades has been reported has coloured our current perception of them. The Conclusion considers why this ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

George Garnett

in The Norman Conquest: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801616.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801616
The victors' account of history was the only one to survive, just as the victors' buildings had replaced those of Edward the Confessor's England. Even the language was soon to atrophy and ... More
2. Crusades in the eastern Mediterranean

2. Crusades in the eastern Mediterranean  

Christopher Tyerman

in The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806550
From 1095 until the end of the Middle Ages, western Europeans undertook wars in defence or promotion of their religion throughout the eastern Mediterranean, in the Iberian peninsula, the ... More
3. Crusades in the west

3. Crusades in the west  

Christopher Tyerman

in The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806550
It proved easy to adapt the ideology and rhetoric of the Holy Land to internal religious and political conflicts within Christendom and to frontier wars with non-Christians. ‘Crusades in ... More
1. Definition

1. Definition  

Christopher Tyerman

in The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806550
In November 1095, a decree was issued that marked a new beginning in western Christianity's use of war to further religious mission. The significance of this lies in Pope Urban's sermon at ... More
1. The diplomat

1. The diplomat  

Quentin Skinner

in Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191874215
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198837572.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198837572
‘The diplomat’ describes the insight that Machiavelli gained during his diplomatic career. Machiavelli became second chancellor of the Florentine Republic aged 29, despite lacking previous ... More
2. Early Scandinavian kingdoms

2. Early Scandinavian kingdoms  

Julian D. Richards

in The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191776151
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806079.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806079
The Viking Age can't be understood without some understanding of Scandinavia and the changes that took place there from the 8th century onwards. ‘Early Scandinavian kingdoms’ looks at ... More

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