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17. ‘A Great Change in Manners’

17. ‘A Great Change in Manners’  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘A Great Change in Manners‘ draws attention to the remarkable order and balance of British society between the 1850s and 1890s. Despite massive industrial and social change, crime fell in ... More
2. Civil war and the foundation of the Bolshevik regime

2. Civil war and the foundation of the Bolshevik regime  

S. A. Smith

in The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776502
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853950.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853950
The October revolution was viewed as a chance for justice and equality to prevail over the old regime of arbitrariness and exploitation. The Bolsheviks hoped that revolution would break out ... More
14. Clerks and Commerce: The Lower Middle Class

14. Clerks and Commerce: The Lower Middle Class  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘Clerks and Commerce: The Lower Middle Class’ considers the creation of a new social class as the numbers of the middle class were swelled by the emergence of a service sector. Civil ... More
2. The Coming of War

2. The Coming of War  

Michael Howard

in The First World War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776878
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199205592.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199205592
Although the Balkan crisis differed little from those that had preceded it, Austria–Hungary was determined to use it to permanently crush the Serbian threat. ‘The Coming of War’ ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

S. A. Smith

in The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776502
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853950.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853950
The Conclusion looks at various interpretations of the rise of the Soviet Union. Does ideology constitute the key to understanding the development of Soviet totalitarianism? What elements ... More
Conclusion: legacies

Conclusion: legacies  

Mike Rapport

in The Napoleonic Wars: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778025
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590964.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590964
What effect did the French Wars have on the French, and on Europe? Napoleon is often regarded in a purely negative light, but in fact he achieved a lot of good for France. The Napoleonic ... More
6. Coping with Reform

6. Coping with Reform  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘Coping with Reform’ looks at the further reforms and continued pressures for reform after 1832. The act of 1832 was limited in scope, and was followed by the philosophically radical Poor ... More
4. Counter-revolution and Constitutionalism (1913–1914)

4. Counter-revolution and Constitutionalism (1913–1914)  

Alan Knight

in The Mexican Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807664
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745631.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745631
The coup of February 1913, involving the overthrow and killing of Madero, had decisive effects. ‘Counter-revolution and Constitutionalism’ outlines how Huerta, the interim president, relied ... More
7. The Depression, Cardenismo, and after (1930–)

7. The Depression, Cardenismo, and after (1930–)  

Alan Knight

in The Mexican Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807664
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745631.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745631
‘The Depression, Cardenismo, and after’ considers the early 1930s Depression that produced a lurch to the Left and the revolutionary period’s last great reformist administration of ... More
1. Echoes

1. Echoes  

William Doyle

in The French Revolution: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191875649
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198840077.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198840077
‘Echoes’ examines the legacy of the French Revolution in the Western world through the lens of late 18th-century and 19th-century literature and culture. It considers writing by Edmund ... More
23. Edwardian Years: A Crisis of the State Contained

23. Edwardian Years: A Crisis of the State Contained  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0023
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘Edwardian Years: A Crisis of the State Contained’ is concerned with the genesis of the welfare state and the other changes of the Edwardian period. Social inquiries revealed the levels of ... More
7. Endpiece

7. Endpiece  

Paul Langford

in Eighteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776540
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853998.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853998
The ‘Endpiece’ reviews the situation of Britain on the eve of the French Revolution. Disillusioned reformers would see the triumph of George III as a constitutional setback and might feel ... More
EpilogueComing to terms with the past

Epilogue: Coming to terms with the past  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
The Epilogue considers the core questions raised in earlier chapters: the place of National Socialism in German history and what it meant to be ‘German’ after the defeat of Nazism. Trials ... More
1. Europe in 1914

1. Europe in 1914  

Michael Howard

in The First World War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776878
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199205592.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199205592
The Great War of 1914–18 began as a local European conflict. ‘Europe in 1914’ examines the status and relationships of these key European powers prior to war, and the formation of the two ... More
21. The Fin-de-Siècle Reaction: New Views of the State

21. The Fin-de-Siècle Reaction: New Views of the State  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0021
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘The Fin-de-Siècle Reaction: New Views of the State’ looks at the reconsideration of Britain's purpose and place in the world that came in the aftermath of the Boer War. Britain concluded ... More
11. Free Trade: An Industrial Economy Rampant

11. Free Trade: An Industrial Economy Rampant  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘Free Trade: An Industrial Economy Rampant’ looks at the attitudes and the make-up of British society from the 1850s to the 1870s. Free Trade became the consensus view of all the political ... More
2. The French Revolutionary Wars, 1792–1802

2. The French Revolutionary Wars, 1792–1802  

Mike Rapport

in The Napoleonic Wars: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778025
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590964.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590964
France declared war on Austria in 1792 because the politically active in France naively thought it was a way to attain power. Shortly after, France plunged into Revolution and those same ... More
1. From February to October

1. From February to October  

S. A. Smith

in The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776502
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853950.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853950
23 February 1917 marked the start of a chain of events that changed Russian society and politics beyond recognition. The autocracy dramatically collapsed. ‘From February to October’ charts ... More
3. From Munich to Berlin (via Weimar)

3. From Munich to Berlin (via Weimar)  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
The ‘Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei’ (National Socialist German Workers’ Party), was a product of the new political and social universe of post-war Germany. ‘From Munich to ... More
9. From terror to genocide

9. From terror to genocide  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
War sanctioned and normalized mass terror and murder, blunted ethical reservations, and emphasized the insignificance of individual lives compared with the survival of the ‘Aryan’ race and ... More

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