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8. The afterlife

8. The afterlife  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Speculation on the nature of the afterlife is as old as recorded history. Although the doctrine of an afterlife is not found in all religious traditions, where it does, it is typically ... More
3. Arguments for the existence of God

3. Arguments for the existence of God  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Is it possible to prove that God exists? There is certainly no shortage of arguments that purport to establish God’s existence, but ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ focuses on three of ... More
2. The concept of God

2. The concept of God  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Religions differ widely in their conceptions of God’s nature, from God as a unity to God as a triune and God as a supernatural being or the totality of all that there is. ‘The concept of ... More
4. Divine hiddenness and the nature of faith

4. Divine hiddenness and the nature of faith  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Assuming—as theists invariably do—that God wants to be recognized and worshipped, why does God not make Godself manifest? Perhaps God is ‘silent’ because God doesn’t exist. ‘Divine ... More
1. Does God exist?

1. Does God exist?  

John Bowker

in God: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708957.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708957
‘Does God exist?’ looks at ways in which philosophers and theologians have tried to answer that question in careful and precise language. In contrast, poets and believers use far more ... More
4. Eternity

4. Eternity  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
The issue most strongly associated with the history of philosophy in the Islamic world is the eternity of the universe. It features in several key works from the Islamic world—notably ... More
6. Ethics and politics

6. Ethics and politics  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
Philosophers of the Islamic world sought to reconcile the religious norms laid down in the religious law with the ethical and political norms established by unaided human reason. In ... More
3. God and being

3. God and being  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
Muslims, like Jews and Christians, recognize no other divinities but the all-powerful Creator of the universe. They adhere to the fundamental belief in God’s oneness, or tawḥīd. The ... More
1. A historical whirlwind tour

1. A historical whirlwind tour  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
‘A historical whirlwind tour’ outlines philosophical thinking in the Islamic world, which spread from the Iberian peninsula in the West to the Indian and Chinese borders in the East. It ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
The ‘Introduction’ explains that the beginning of philosophy in the Islamic world is seen as lying with a translation movement that began more than 200 years after the age of the Prophet ... More
5. Knowledge

5. Knowledge  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
Philosophers in the Islamic world tried to explain prophecy in terms of a more general account of human knowledge. To understand the special access to truth granted to the prophet, one ... More
7. On knowing and not knowing God

7. On knowing and not knowing God  

John Bowker

in God: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708957.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708957
How can God be known? ‘On knowing and not knowing God’ proposes that it could only be if God creates the means of that knowing, and of that being known. What are the effects through which ... More
5. The problem of evil

5. The problem of evil  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Evil represents the most serious challenge to belief in God. Philosophers of religion typically distinguish between two versions of the problem of evil: the logical and the evidential ... More
2. Reason and revelation

2. Reason and revelation  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
‘Reason and revelation’ points out that in the Islamic world, there was no hard-and-fast distinction between theology, which draws on revelation, and philosophy, which uses only the natural ... More
4. The religions of AbrahamChristian understandings of God

4. The religions of Abraham: Christian understandings of God  

John Bowker

in God: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708957.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708957
‘The religions of Abraham: Christian understandings of God’ looks at Christianity beginning with its development from its Jewish Bible roots. Christianity began as one interpretation among ... More
3. The religions of AbrahamJewish understandings of God

3. The religions of Abraham: Jewish understandings of God  

John Bowker

in God: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708957.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708957
‘The religions of Abraham: Jewish understandings of God’ looks at Judaism in detail and the foundations in the Biblical period in order to show how the distinctive Jewish understandings of ... More
5. The religions of AbrahamMuslim understandings of God

5. The religions of Abraham: Muslim understandings of God  

John Bowker

in God: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708957.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708957
‘The religions of Abraham: Muslim understandings of God’ looks at Islam, which began historically with the life and work of Muhammad (570–632). From the Muslim point of view Islam began ... More
6. Religions of India

6. Religions of India  

John Bowker

in God: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708957.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708957
‘Religions of India’ shows that Indian understandings and characterisations of God are extremely diverse and are expressed in the vivid proliferation of worship, rituals, meditation, music, ... More
6. The roots of religious belief

6. The roots of religious belief  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
One of the features of human societies is the ubiquity of religious commitment. But why do we find religious ideas compelling? ‘The roots of religious belief’ suggests we need to look ... More
7. Speaking of God

7. Speaking of God  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Language plays many roles in religious thought and practice, but philosophers of religion are most interested in the doctrinal uses of language. ‘Speaking of God’ considers both realism and ... More

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