You are looking at  1-20 of 25 chapters  for:

  • Preclinical Medicine x
Clear All

View:

1. Adolescence as a life stage

1. Adolescence as a life stage  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
Adolescence is a period of transition between life as a child and life as an adult. The World Health Organization defines it as from ages 10 to 19. Biologically, entrance into adolescence ... More
4. Communication and control

4. Communication and control  

Leslie Klenerman

in Human Anatomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785474
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198707370.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707370
‘Communication and control’ considers the human nervous system, which has two anatomically separate, but closely related, components: the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral ... More
1. The development of anatomy

1. The development of anatomy  

Leslie Klenerman

in Human Anatomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785474
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198707370.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707370
‘The development of anatomy’ provides a short history of anatomical study beginning with Aristotle (384–322 bc) who named the subject anatome, meaning ‘cutting up’. Herophilus of Chalcedon ... More
2. DNA

2. DNA  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
Another significant milestone was the publication in 2003 of the complete sequence of the human genome—the entire DNA contained within the forty-six chromosomes located in the nucleus of ... More
1. The early milestones

1. The early milestones  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
Molecular biology is the story of the molecules of life, their relationships, and how these interactions are controlled. ‘Early milestones’ first explores two key ideas in the early history ... More
3. Formal operational thought, moral development, and identity

3. Formal operational thought, moral development, and identity  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
Cognitive development occurs throughout childhood, and it is marked by advances in perceptual abilities, short- and long-term memory, ability to focus attention selectively, and reasoning ... More
9. Future challenges

9. Future challenges  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
Advances in molecular biology provide us with opportunities for tackling chronic global issues. ‘Future challenges’ discusses two areas of molecular biology that will have significant ... More
6. Genetic engineering

6. Genetic engineering  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
Gene-cloning processes enable us to produce large amounts of a DNA sequence so that its function can be studied. These technologies can also be applied in medicine and agriculture to ... More
5. The head and neck

5. The head and neck  

Leslie Klenerman

in Human Anatomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785474
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198707370.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707370
‘The head and neck’ describes the anatomy of the jaw, eye and orbit, nose, pharynx, larynx, and ear, and considers some of the evolutionary processes in their development. Vision is said to ... More
7. Internalizing disorders and adolescent mental health

7. Internalizing disorders and adolescent mental health  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
Internalizing disorders refer to problematic or harmful behaviours directed to oneself rather than to others. Although illegal drug use can be considered as an internalizing behaviour, the ... More
7. The limbs

7. The limbs  

Leslie Klenerman

in Human Anatomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785474
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198707370.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707370
Our upper limbs are free, mobile, and adapted for prehension. Each articulates with the trunk at the sternoclavicular joint. Our lower limbs have to bear the weight of the body when ... More
8. Man, the tottering biped

8. Man, the tottering biped  

Leslie Klenerman

in Human Anatomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785474
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198707370.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707370
In order to understand how humans reached our present state, ‘Man, the tottering biped’ explores how the adoption of a two-legged gait—bipedalism—in humans led to widespread and profound ... More
7. Molecular biology in the clinic

7. Molecular biology in the clinic  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
Environmental agents can cause genetic and epigenetic changes to DNA, the consequences of which lead to deregulation of cellular processes and pathways that cause disease. Genetic variation ... More
8. Molecular forensics

8. Molecular forensics  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
A key challenge for molecular biology is to use research outcomes to meet the demands of modern society. ‘Molecular forensics’ shows that molecular markers are having a substantial impact; ... More
5. Molecular interactions

5. Molecular interactions  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
Every nucleated diploid cell in the body, with the exception of B and T cells of the immune system, has the same genome as its originating single fertilized egg. During development, this ... More
4. Proteins

4. Proteins  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
Biological functions require protein and the protein makeup of a cell determines its behaviour and identity. Proteins, therefore, are the most abundant molecules in the body except for ... More
2. Puberty—body and brain changes

2. Puberty—body and brain changes  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
As children become teenagers, their bodies change dramatically. An obvious change is the growth spurt, but the young person also becomes reproductively mature and there are significant ... More
4. Relationship changes—parents and peers

4. Relationship changes—parents and peers  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
Adolescence is a period of great change in relationships with parents and peers. A traditional, simple view was that relationships with peers became more influential, and relationships with ... More
6. Risk-taking, antisocial behaviour, and delinquency

6. Risk-taking, antisocial behaviour, and delinquency  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
‘Risk-taking, antisocial behaviour, and delinquency’ considers the incidence of risky behaviour, gender differences, and historical changes. Males are more likely to exhibit risky behaviour ... More
3. RNA

3. RNA  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
The first RNA molecules to be discovered were those involved in protein synthesis, mRNA, transfer RNA (tRNA), and ribosomal RNA (rRNA). In recent years, a vast number of additional RNA ... More

View: