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9. Big issues and major challenges

9. Big issues and major challenges  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
Unless something dramatic happens, the AIDS epidemic will be under control across the world by 2022. The number of new infections will continue to fall; there will be virtually no vertical ... More
2. Current challenges

2. Current challenges  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
What is the overall context within which public health is operating? What has been happening to the health of the public? ‘Current challenges’ considers the many challenges facing public ... More
6. Development, numbers, and politics

6. Development, numbers, and politics  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
‘Development, numbers, and politics’ first considers the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set by the United Nations in 2000 and explains how achieving some of them was difficult due to ... More
1. The emergence and state of the HIV and AIDS epidemic

1. The emergence and state of the HIV and AIDS epidemic  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
‘The emergence and state of the HIV and AIDS epidemic’ outlines the emergence of HIV/AIDS, charting the current state of the disease globally. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is ... More
8. Funding the epidemic

8. Funding the epidemic  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
The response to HIV and AIDS has to be funded, whether the emphasis is on prevention, treatment, or both. AIDS is unique in part because of its complex financing. It requires long-term ... More
2. How HIV and AIDS work and scientific responses

2. How HIV and AIDS work and scientific responses  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
‘How HIV and AIDS work and scientific responses’ explains how HIV operates and is transmitted, and how science has progressed in the discovery and delivery of practical treatments and ... More
4. Illness, death, and the demographic impact

4. Illness, death, and the demographic impact  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
‘Illness, death, and the demographic impact’ outlines how the effects of AIDS can be measured through demographic indicators. Demographic consequences of AIDS may include: increased deaths ... More
3. The origins of public health into the 1700s

3. The origins of public health into the 1700s  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
Public health cannot be understood without a knowledge of its history. ‘The origins of public health into the 1700s’ considers the earliest roots of public health, 4,000 years ago in ... More
7. Present and future in the light of history

7. Present and future in the light of history  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘Present and future in the light of history’ outlines some possibilities for future public health and discusses some emergent as well as long-standing issues. A 2015 enquiry showed that ... More
5. Production and people

5. Production and people  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
‘Production and people’ examines the socioeconomic impact of AIDS, predicted to decrease economic growth. Yet many countries have nonetheless continued to grow. The effect on the private ... More
5. The rise of lifestyle: 1900–1980s

5. The rise of lifestyle: 1900–1980s  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
Public health underwent further redefinition during the 20th century. The focus on mothers and babies heightened during World War I, and after the war a ‘public health empire’ developed in ... More
4. Sanitation to education: 1800–1900s

4. Sanitation to education: 1800–1900s  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
A key period for public health came with the rise of the ‘modern state’ in the 19th century. Rapid economic growth and mass urbanization coincided with high mortality from infectious ... More
7. Treatment and prevention dilemmas

7. Treatment and prevention dilemmas  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
AIDS is still a major threat. ‘Treatment and prevention dilemmas’ shows that prevention and public health programmes are the most cost-effective way to health. HIV infection is preventable ... More
6. Tropical and international public health

6. Tropical and international public health  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘Tropical and international public health’ considers the establishment of tropical public health tied to colonial concerns before World War I; the influence of missionary medicine; and ... More
1. What is public health?

1. What is public health?  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘What is public health?’ explains that public health is a very broad concept with changing or varying definitions over time and in different countries. In its narrowest sense, it refers to ... More
3. What shapes epidemics?

3. What shapes epidemics?  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
‘What shapes epidemics’ investigates links between HIV/AIDS and certain biological, socioeconomic, and behavioural factors. The main biomedical drivers of HIV/AIDS (after contact with the ... More

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