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5. Accelerators: cosmic and man-made

5. Accelerators: cosmic and man-made  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Accelerators: cosmic and man-made’ explores the different ways of generating subatomic particles. One simple way of finding particles is to look at cosmic rays. This provides very high ... More
4. Accretion

4. Accretion  

James Binney

in Astrophysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Mar 2016
eISBN: 
9780191814273
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198752851.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198752851
The principle of angular momentum conservation was crucial for the creation of the disc of the Milky Way and plays a large role in many of the most exotic and luminous objects in the ... More
8. Acting

8. Acting  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Why is there a relation between handedness and the cerebral hemisphere that is specialized for language? How is it that we can learn the violin? Why can’t we tickle ourselves? ‘Acting’ ... More
5. Adaptation and natural selection

5. Adaptation and natural selection  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
The biological explanation of the origin of adaptation replaces the idea of a Designer, and is central to post-Darwinian evolutionary biology. ‘Adaptation and natural selection’ describes ... More
8. Afterthoughts

8. Afterthoughts  

William Lowrie

in Geophysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191834707
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198792956.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198792956
Geophysics has made many important advances towards understanding the behaviour and properties of planet Earth. Geophysical research continues to make discoveries and developments that ... More
Afterword

Afterword  

Richard J. Crisp

in Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191783319
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715511.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198715511
So that’s a very short introduction to social psychology. We’ve taken a tour of the social mind and seen the profound impact that our relationships have on attitudes, beliefs, and ... More
8. Afterword

8. Afterword  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
The ‘Afterword’ provides a brief summary and concludes that our modern view of evolution is remarkably close to that of Wallace and Darwin. The chief difference is that two advances mean ... More
5. Against the odds

5. Against the odds  

Keith Thomson

in Fossils: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776090
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805041.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805041
‘Against the odds’ describes the processes and conditions of fossil formation, the study of which is termed taphonomy. Fossils represent a tiny fraction of the diversity of life that has ... More
4. The age of electromagnetism – the power of attraction

4. The age of electromagnetism – the power of attraction  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of electromagnetism—the power of attraction’ shows how electromagnetism is used to perform work. It was Faraday who first showed that electromagnetism could perform work. ... More
2. The age of gravity – time for work

2. The age of gravity – time for work  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of gravity — time for work’ looks at the development of the concepts of force and time, and how these affected the earliest tools which worked against the force of gravity. From ... More
3. The age of heat – you can’t get something for nothing

3. The age of heat – you can’t get something for nothing  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of heat — you can't get something for nothing’ explores the development of heat engines, from early steam engines up to modern methods of energy generation. Despite being easily ... More
5. The age of information – getting smaller

5. The age of information – getting smaller  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of information — getting smaller’ examines the technology behind the information revolution. Information can be expressed digitally as patterns of high and low voltage, or ... More
6. The age of systems – risky futures

6. The age of systems – risky futures  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of systems: risky futures’ outlines the idea of system complexity in modern engineering, and how multilayered systems can lead to knowledge gaps and ultimately risk. Engineers aim ... More
2. Ageing and intelligence: senility or sagacity?What happens to mental abilities as we grow older?

2. Ageing and intelligence: senility or sagacity?: What happens to mental abilities as we grow older?  

Ian J. Deary

in Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776854
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192893215.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192893215
As we age our physical prowess tends to decline. Do individual differences among people change as they move from childhood through to adulthood and old age? Is there on average a tendency ... More
4. Agents, networks, degree, and recirculation

4. Agents, networks, degree, and recirculation  

John H. Holland

in Complexity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199662548.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199662548
‘Agents, networks, degree, and recirculation’ explains that when studying complex adaptive systems (CAS) in a grammar-like way, agents serve as the ‘alphabet’. The hierarchical organization ... More
6. Aggression, depression, and paranoia

6. Aggression, depression, and paranoia  

Anthony Storr

in Freud: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776793
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854551.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854551
‘Aggression, depression, and paranoia’ looks at how Freud thought society controls the aggressive instincts of its citizens. Freud explained that a double redirection of aggressive ... More
3. Agricultural products and trade

3. Agricultural products and trade  

Paul Brassley and Richard Soffe

in Agriculture: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191792939
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198725961.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198725961
‘Agricultural products and trade’ considers what the agricultural industry as a whole produces, and the working of the local and international markets into which its output is sold, ... More
6. Algebra and the arithmetic of remainders

6. Algebra and the arithmetic of remainders  

Peter M. Higgins

in Algebra: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191797644
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198732822.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732822
‘Algebra and the arithmetic of remainders’ considers a new type of algebra, which is both an ancient topic and one that has found major contemporary application in Internet cryptography. It ... More
5. The algebra of polynomials and cubic equations

5. The algebra of polynomials and cubic equations  

Peter M. Higgins

in Algebra: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191797644
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198732822.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732822
Polynomials are expressions of the form p(x) = a0 + a1x + a2x2 + ... + anxn ; the number ai is the coefficient of xi , a 0 is the constant ... More
3. Algorithmic thinking

3. Algorithmic thinking  

Subrata Dasgupta

in Computer Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Mar 2016
eISBN: 
9780191798146
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198733461.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198733461
Algorithms are at the epicentre of computer science—thinking computationally is forming the habit of algorithmic thinking. In order for a procedure to qualify as an algorithm, it must ... More

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