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5. The anomalies explained

5. The anomalies explained  

John Finney

in Water: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785597
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708728.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708728
‘The anomalies explained’ considers why water behaves differently from most other liquids and why this is so important chemically, biologically, and environmentally. Ice contracts on ... More
1. Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity

1. Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity’ outlines how the study of elements progressed from ancient Greece to the seventeenth century. The Aristotelian system of elements claimed ... More
5. The atom factories: making new elements

5. The atom factories: making new elements  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘The atom factories: making new elements’ explores the synthesis of new elements. The transmutation of new elements is only possible due to radioactivity. Rutherford discovered that ... More
3. Atomic weight, triads, and Prout

3. Atomic weight, triads, and Prout  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘Atomic weight, triads, and Prout’ discusses the shift in chemical thinking from qualitative analysis to quantitative analysis. John Dalton, drawing on the work of Antoine Lavoisier and ... More
3. Bridging matter

3. Bridging matter  

Peter Atkins

in Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689095
‘Bridging matter’ introduces statistical thermodynamics, which provides the link between the notional insides and outsides of atoms and molecules. It identifies the bulk properties of a ... More
4. The burning issue: molecules and energy

4. The burning issue: molecules and energy  

Philip Ball

in Molecules: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2003
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854308.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854308
‘The burning issue: molecules and energy’ describes how energy can be transferred through molecular reactions. Metabolic processes are the foundation of cellular life. All chemical ... More
6. Changing the identity of matter

6. Changing the identity of matter  

Peter Atkins

in Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689095
A great deal of chemistry is concerned with changing the identity of matter by the deployment of chemical reactions. Physical chemists are interested in a variety of aspects of chemical ... More
5. Changing the state of matter

5. Changing the state of matter  

Peter Atkins

in Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689095
‘Changing the state of matter’ considers the transformations states of matter undergo from one form to another during the processes of freezing, boiling, dissolving, and mixing. All such ... More
6. The chemical brothers: why isotopes are useful

6. The chemical brothers: why isotopes are useful  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘The chemical brothers: why isotopes are useful’ explains the chemistry and application of isotopes. The arrangement of isotopes in the Periodic Table by weight did not always make sense, ... More
7. The chemical computer: molecular information

7. The chemical computer: molecular information  

Philip Ball

in Molecules: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2003
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854308.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854308
‘The chemical computer: molecular information’ outlines the ways that molecules can store and transmit information. Genetics is living proof that complex information can be encoded through ... More
4. The chemistry of life

4. The chemistry of life  

Graham Patrick

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191820779
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198759775.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198759775
From very simple molecular building blocks, life has created an astonishing diversity of molecules, some of which are extremely complex structures that prove very difficult to synthesize in ... More
7. The chemistry of the senses

7. The chemistry of the senses  

Graham Patrick

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191820779
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198759775.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198759775
Naturally occurring organic molecules play an important role in the way we perceive the world through the senses of sight, taste, and smell. In addition, many synthetic organic molecules ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
We are at the end of our journey. We have seen that thermodynamics, the study of the transformations of energy, is a subject of great breadth and underlies and elucidates many of the most ... More
Conclusion—from soft matter to life

Conclusion—from soft matter to life  

Tom McLeish

in Soft Matter: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2020
Published Online: 
Oct 2020
eISBN: 
9780191844904
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198807131.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198807131
The Conclusion looks at the topics that haven't been covered in this VSI. There is so much more to the topic to be learnt: recent developments in rheology at the single molecule level ... More
3. Crystal structures

3. Crystal structures  

A. M. Glazer

in Crystallography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Mar 2016
eISBN: 
9780191787072
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717591.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717591
‘Crystal structures’ describes the different types of close packing—hexagonal, cubic, face-centred cubic, and body-centred cubic—used to describe many simple inorganic structures, ... More
6. Delivering the message: molecular communication

6. Delivering the message: molecular communication  

Philip Ball

in Molecules: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2003
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854308.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854308
‘Delivering the message: molecular communication’ explains how molecules can enable communication between cells and in synthetic systems. Hormones are biological messengers which can have ... More
4. Diffraction

4. Diffraction  

A. M. Glazer

in Crystallography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Mar 2016
eISBN: 
9780191787072
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717591.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717591
In order to understand diffraction from a three-dimensional crystal, a new type of lattice, constructed from the real lattice used so far, is defined. It is the reciprocal lattice proposed ... More
4. The eightfold path: organizing the elements

4. The eightfold path: organizing the elements  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘The eightfold path: organizing the elements’ explains the history and rationale of the Periodic Table. Atomic theory was not fully accepted until Jean Perrin proved the existence of atoms ... More
7. Electronic structure

7. Electronic structure  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘Electronic structure’ examines the work that went into determining the properties of electrons in atoms. Quantum theory was devised by Max Planck in 1900, and was applied to hydrogen atoms ... More
1. The elements

1. The elements  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘The elements’ outlines the history of the study of elements. Ancient Greeks had just four elements—earth, water, air, and fire—which they believed possessed the shape of the platonic ... More

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