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2. The analysis of stuff

2. The analysis of stuff  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
The fundamental problem in chemistry is transmutation. How can two homogeneous stuffs with very different properties merge to form another homogeneous material whose properties are ... More
1. The background

1. The background  

Stillman Drake

in Galileo: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776809
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854568.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854568
‘The background’ gives an explanation of the prevailing scientific doctrine in the time of Galileo. Aristotelian philosophy was the basis of University education from the thirteenth ... More
1. Beginnings

1. Beginnings  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
The family origins of Michael Faraday are traced in ‘Beginnings’. Born in London in 1791, his family had moved from Westmorland to find work. His father worked as an ironmonger and the ... More
6. Building a world of science

6. Building a world of science  

Lawrence M. Principe

in The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777493
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567416.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567416
‘Building a world of science’ outlines how early modern scientific thought was applied to the real world problems of the day. The emergence of gunpowder on the battlefield made castles ... More
2. A career in science

2. A career in science  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
Faraday's decision to pursue a career in science was unusual at this period. His attendance at the public lectures of John Tatum was his entry to a world of scientists and it was through ... More
4. The censorious multitude

4. The censorious multitude  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘The censorious multitude’ describes how, since its foundation in 1660, the Royal Society had fashioned what was effectively an official position regarding the best way to perform and write ... More
10. Centaurs and other animals

10. Centaurs and other animals  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘Centaurs and other animals’ examines the final decade of Newton's life. Newton continued his relentless pursuit of religious truth: massive drafts on early church history survive, many ... More
4. Conflicts with astronomers and theologians

4. Conflicts with astronomers and theologians  

Stillman Drake

in Galileo: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776809
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854568.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854568
‘Conflicts with astronomers and theologians’ documents Galileo's dealings with the Catholic Church and fellow astronomers. Galileo inadvertently offended Christopher Schelner, a Jesuit ... More
3. Conflicts with philosophers

3. Conflicts with philosophers  

Stillman Drake

in Galileo: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776809
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854568.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854568
‘Conflicts with philosophers’ outlines some of the disagreements Galileo had with natural philosophers. In 1604 Galileo had a feud with a philosopher over the distance of a supernova from ... More
2. The connected world

2. The connected world  

Lawrence M. Principe

in The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777493
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567416.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567416
‘The connected world’ examines the viewpoints of early modern natural philosophers. Unlike modern scientists, natural philosophers viewed the world in an interconnected, cosmic sense. They ... More
Dead reckoning, longitude, and time

Dead reckoning, longitude, and time  

Jim Bennett

in Navigation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198733713.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
What was the state of the mathematical science of navigation at the end of the 17th century? ‘Dead reckoning, longitude, and time’ describes the different techniques of sailing—plane ... More
5. The Dialogue and the Inquisition

5. The Dialogue and the Inquisition  

Stillman Drake

in Galileo: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776809
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854568.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854568
‘The Dialogue and the Inquisition’ discusses how Galileo's Dialogue of the two Chief Systems of the World, which discussed the merits of Copernicanism over Aristotelianism, led him to the ... More
7. The divine book

7. The divine book  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘The divine book’ examines the development of Newton's thinking about celestial motions. By November 1685 he had completed a draft of the Principia. In the first book — the ‘Lectiones’ — he ... More
Early navigational cultures

Early navigational cultures  

Jim Bennett

in Navigation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198733713.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
Distinct geographies, where areas of sea were demarcated not only by land, but also by climate and current, helped to create different cultures of navigation that for centuries followed ... More
4. Electricity

4. Electricity  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
Faraday's discoveries of electro-magnetic rotation and the liquefaction of gases in the 1820s provided numerous areas of research that he wished to pursue. In ‘Electricity’ his further ... More
6. The electronic age

6. The electronic age  

Jim Bennett

in Navigation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191798153
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198733713.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198733713
The application of radio waves triggered a wholly new approach to navigation at sea. ‘The electronic age’ begins with Radio Direction Finding introduced at the start of the 20th century ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
The Epilogue concludes with a brief look at some of the exciting, and more positive, aspects of chemistry since the 1960s: the use of computers to study perfect three-dimensional structural ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Lawrence M. Principe

in The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777493
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567416.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567416
Modern science continues to seek out greater scientific knowledge using the same aims and methods as the early modern natural philosophers. Some of these came from the Middle Ages and ... More
6. Faraday as a celebrity

6. Faraday as a celebrity  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
By the 1820s Faraday was the leading employee of the Royal Institution. In ‘Faraday as a celebrity’ his popularity and fame is traced to his initial establishment of a series of lectures, ... More
7. Faraday in the 20th century

7. Faraday in the 20th century  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
The centenary of Michael Faraday's birth in 1891 was celebrated by a commemorative meeting of the Royal Institution. ‘Faraday in the 20th century’ charts his reputation, which once again ... More

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