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2. Ancient reefs and islands

2. Ancient reefs and islands  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
‘Ancient reefs and islands’ illustrates that the present day ecology and organization of species on a reef and their behaviour—basically how a reef works—is the result of a very long ... More
3. The architects of a reef

3. The architects of a reef  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
‘The architects of a reef’ gives a global overview of reef distribution and details the biology, growth, and reproduction of the main animals and plants that build them. Coral reefs are ... More
6. Changing patterns in the landscape

6. Changing patterns in the landscape  

Peter A. Furley

in Savannas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785955
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717225.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717225
Relentless population growth worldwide has significantly modified savanna landscapes. ‘Changing patterns in the landscape’ considers how landscape changes differ in Latin America, Africa, ... More
8. Climate change and reefs

8. Climate change and reefs  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
Reefs are more affected by the damaging consequences of climate change than any other ecosystem. ‘Climate change and reefs’ illustrates how the impacts of climate change add on to, and ... More
9. Doing something about it

9. Doing something about it  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
A quarter of the world’s reef system is already dead, and a further half is affected to varying degrees. ‘Doing something about it’ proposes two groups of measures to address this ... More
1. Geology or biology?

1. Geology or biology?  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
Early seafarers were wary of coral reefs, naturalists were confused by them, but many coastal people benefited greatly from these rocky structures that grew up to the sea’s surface. ... More
5. Microbial and planktonic engines of the reef

5. Microbial and planktonic engines of the reef  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
Symbiotic algae are a crucial source of fuel for the reef, via corals and others, but how is the food and energy from the corals transferred to other parts of the ecosystem to support the ... More
7. Pressures on reef ecosystems

7. Pressures on reef ecosystems  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
A fundamental character of a coral reef is the enormous number of interlocking connections between components, which is a consequence of an extremely high biodiversity. ‘Pressures on reef ... More
6. Reef fish and other major predators

6. Reef fish and other major predators  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
Healthy reefs provide a habitat for an immense number of fish that come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colours. No other natural habitat in the ocean shows this diversity and abundance. ... More
4. The resulting structure—a reef

4. The resulting structure—a reef  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
‘The resulting structure—a reef’ shows that coral reef profiles, composed of reef flats, reef crests, and reef slopes, are remarkably consistent. The general structure is complicated by ... More
7. Savanna futures

7. Savanna futures  

Peter A. Furley

in Savannas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785955
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717225.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717225
Constant change is the driving force in the history of savannas, and some conception of the future can be gauged from evidence of past changes and from trends experienced today. The ... More
1. Savanna landscapes

1. Savanna landscapes  

Peter A. Furley

in Savannas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785955
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717225.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717225
What are savannas and where are they? ‘Savanna landscapes’ considers these dynamic and diverse biomes—the most widespread form of vegetation in the tropics and sub-tropics. They are areas ... More
3. Savanna vegetation

3. Savanna vegetation  

Peter A. Furley

in Savannas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785955
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717225.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717225
Why do savannas differ? Savannas have developed in an uneasy equilibrium over time with varying pressures, leading to an amalgamation of landscape patterns. They are also the product of ... More
5. Savannas and human evolution

5. Savannas and human evolution  

Peter A. Furley

in Savannas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785955
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717225.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717225
Savannas have helped to shape the evolutionary pageant of human history and the dispersal of our ancestors across the continents. Although there is considerable controversy over the causes ... More
2. Shaping the savannas

2. Shaping the savannas  

Peter A. Furley

in Savannas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785955
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717225.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717225
Savanna landscapes are in a state of continuous change. Some of the determining factors shaping the view at any given locality are relatively short-lived. Fires, storms, seasonal ... More
4. Wildlife and microbes

4. Wildlife and microbes  

Peter A. Furley

in Savannas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785955
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717225.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717225
‘Wildlife and microbes’ looks at energy pathways through the savanna system and the nature of the wildlife characterizing each of the major savanna landscapes, including the woody savannas ... More

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