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1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?

1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘“A and not A”: what is fascism?’ examines how fascism has been defined. Whereas Marxists held capitalists responsible for fascism, Weberians blamed the pre-industrial, or feudal, ruling ... More
6. AccountingParliament and politicians

6. Accounting: Parliament and politicians  

Tony Wright

in British Politics: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2020
Published Online: 
Jun 2020
eISBN: 
9780191866210
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198827320.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198827320
‘Accounting: parliament and politicians’ looks at the ways in which ministers are held accountable through parliament, the media and select committees, and not least by the electorate. ... More
8. Accounting as control

8. Accounting as control  

Christopher Nobes

in Accounting: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779879
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684311.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684311
How does budgeting work, and how is it useful? What are standard costs and how do they help in controlling production? How can a balanced scorecard improve control? ‘Accounting as control’ ... More
1. The Act of Union

1. The Act of Union  

Senia Pašeta

in Modern Ireland: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775406
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801678.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801678
‘The Act of Union’ covers the period of history leading up to the Act of Union in 1801. Ireland was a rural society at that time. People were largely Catholic, but Protestants owned most of ... More
2. Advancement

2. Advancement  

Allen C. Guelzo

in Lincoln: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365661
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195367805.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195367805
‘Advancement’ describes how, in the aftermath of the War of 1812, the penetration of the markets promised a social and moral revolution equal to that of 1776, through the cheapening of ... More
6. Advantages and disadvantages of federalism

6. Advantages and disadvantages of federalism  

Mark J. Rozell and Clyde Wilcox

in Federalism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780190900083
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190900052.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190900052
Advantages and disadvantages of federalism as much as the federal system is the preferred option of Americans who historically have had a skeptical view of centralized power, it is far from ... More
3. Advertisers: the Paymasters

3. Advertisers: the Paymasters  

Winston Fletcher

in Advertising: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777554
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199568925.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199568925
‘Advertisers: the paymasters’ examines advertising from the perspective of the advertisers. To advertise or not is an business decision. Large companies do not always have to advertise, ... More
7. Africa

7. Africa  

Robert C. Allen

in Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199596652.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199596652
African poverty is not new. Sub-Saharan Africa was the poorest region of the world in 1500, and it remains so despite the increase in income per head that has occurred. ‘Africa’ aims to ... More
9. Africa’s international relations

9. Africa’s international relations  

Ian Taylor

in African Politics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191844140
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806578.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806578
Despite the myth of marginality and irrelevance, Africa has always played an important role in international politics. The slave trade, the Scramble for Africa and subsequent colonial ... More
6. Aftermath

6. Aftermath  

Peter Singer

in Hegel: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775468
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801975.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801975
‘Aftermath’ looks at the more immediate influence Hegel had in the world after his death. His followers split into two camps: the orthodox or Right Hegelians who followed in the style of ... More
Afterword

Afterword  

Margaret Walters

in Feminism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776106
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805102.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805102
The ‘Afterword’ asks What is the future for feminism? Does the West still need feminism? How real and persistent is the backlash against feminism? A survey of the debates between feminist ... More
1. Ageing, a brief history

1. Ageing, a brief history  

Nancy A. Pachana

in Ageing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191792670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198725329.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198725329
How has the construct of ageing, and attitudes towards it, changed over time? How have human beings from various historical epochs, cultures, and perspectives viewed ageing? What impact ... More
5. Agriculture, regions, budget: conflicts over who gets what

5. Agriculture, regions, budget: conflicts over who gets what  

Simon Usherwood and John Pinder

in The European Union: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198808855.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198808855
‘Agriculture, regions, budget: conflicts over who gets what’ argues that because the single market enhances productivity in the economy, there is benefit for most people. But there will be ... More
2. America’s venture into the unknown

2. America’s venture into the unknown  

Andrew Davies

in Projects: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191793691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727668.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727668
‘America’s venture into the unknown’ shows how large-scale engineering endeavours were delivered, often very successfully, long before the formal tools, language, and discipline of project ... More
1. American federalism in comparative perspective

1. American federalism in comparative perspective  

Mark J. Rozell and Clyde Wilcox

in Federalism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780190900083
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190900052.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190900052
“American federalism in comparative perspective” outlines how, in 1787, a new American constitution was drafted which replaced the confederation with a federal form of government. This ... More
6. The Americas

6. The Americas  

Robert C. Allen

in Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199596652.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199596652
‘The Americas’ illustrates the different development trajectories of North and South America that run back to the colonial period and are rooted in geography and demography. The ... More
7. ‘An area of freedom, security and justice’

7. ‘An area of freedom, security and justice’  

Simon Usherwood and John Pinder

in The European Union: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198808855.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198808855
‘An area of freedom, security and justice’ explains the two main aims of the Schengen Agreements of 1985 and 1990. The first concerned border controls: to eliminate those internal to ... More
3. Analysing risk

3. Analysing risk  

Baruch Fischhoff and John Kadvany

in Risk: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777714
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199576203.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199576203
‘Analysing risk’ shows how risk analysts measure risks and determine their sources. This involves observing a situation, then using scientific knowledge to extrapolate these observations to ... More
5. Analysts and theorists: what did they ever do for us?

5. Analysts and theorists: what did they ever do for us?  

Gary Thomas

in Education: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778278
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643264.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643264
The way we educate our children has changed immensely in the last 100 years. How and why did these changes happen? ‘Analysts and theorists: what did they ever do for us?’ attempts to answer ... More
Annihilation and dislocation

Annihilation and dislocation  

Antulio J. Echevarria II

in Military Strategy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340132.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
Annihilation and dislocation represent the “ideal outcome” in military strategy: a swift victory with as few casualties and economic costs as possible. Annihilation seeks to reduce an ... More

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