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10. After Being and Time

10. After Being and Time  

Michael Inwood

in Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867095
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828662.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828662
‘After Being and Time’ provides a brief survey of Heidegger’s thought after Being and Time, which reveals something of the overall coherence of his life-long project. Being and Time gave a ... More
4. Alienation and reification

4. Alienation and reification  

Stephen Eric Bronner

in Critical Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780190692704
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190692674.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190692674
‘Alienation and reification’ explores the concepts of alienation and reification in Karl Marx's Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, and how this affected 20th century Western ... More
10. Ancient sex

10. Ancient sex  

Gary Gutting

in Foucault: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191868849
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830788.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830788
Towards the end of his life, Foucault’s topic of exploration turned to the ethical formation of the self, which emerged from his analysis of modern power relations. ‘Ancient sex’ looks at ... More
4. Archaeology

4. Archaeology  

Gary Gutting

in Foucault: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191868849
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830788.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830788
Foucault is mostly regarded as a philosopher, despite the fact that most of his books were histories. He characterized his historic works first as ‘archaeology’ of thought and then later as ... More
4. Authenticity

4. Authenticity  

Thomas Flynn

in Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775932
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804280.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804280
‘Authenticity’ considers how to live a ‘free’ life. Authenticity comes from owning up to our self-defining choices and transcending one's situation to make something of oneself. To deny ... More
2. Becoming an individual

2. Becoming an individual  

Thomas Flynn

in Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775932
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804280.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804280
‘Becoming an individual’ looks at the influence of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche on existentialism's approach to the individual. Kierkegaard described three stages for the individual: the ... More
3. Being

3. Being  

Michael Inwood

in Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867095
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828662.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828662
‘Being’ describes the importance that Heidegger ascribed to considering the nature of an object, or its Being, before addressing knowledge of it. Whereas other philosophers, including ... More
5. A chastened individualism? Existentialism and social thought

5. A chastened individualism? Existentialism and social thought  

Thomas Flynn

in Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775932
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804280.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804280
‘A chastened individualism? Existentialism and social thought‘ surveys the development of social responsibility in existentialist thought. Previous proponents of ‘authenticity’ like ... More
7. Conclusion

7. Conclusion  

Patrick Gardiner

in Kierkegaard: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775635
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802569.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802569
Kierkegaard's thought offered challenge to various intellectual tendencies of his age, especially those that aimed to reduce the doctrinal aspects of Christianity to terms that made it ... More
1. Creatures of difference

1. Creatures of difference  

Catherine Belsey

in Poststructuralism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775437
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801807.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801807
Dialogue is possible through language, but only if we use it appropriately, subscribing to the meanings already given in the language that always precedes our familiarity with it. ... More
8. Crime and punishment

8. Crime and punishment  

Gary Gutting

in Foucault: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191868849
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830788.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830788
‘Crime and punishment’ describes Foucault’s views on contemporary ideas on crime, punishment, and discipline and looks at his suggestions for alternative ways of thinking. Foucault ... More
3. Critical theory and modernism

3. Critical theory and modernism  

Stephen Eric Bronner

in Critical Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780190692704
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190692674.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190692674
The end of the nineteenth century witnessed the birth of an international avant-garde that focused upon alienation, standardization, and the liberation of the individual from constrictive ... More
4. The culture of postmodernism

4. The culture of postmodernism  

Christopher Butler

in Postmodernism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775550
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802392.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802392
‘The culture of postmodernism’ considers postmodernism in the fields of literature, music, art, and architecture. The postmodern fiction that involves an ontological uncertainty about the ... More
4. Dasein

4. Dasein  

Michael Inwood

in Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867095
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828662.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828662
Dasein is Heidegger’s way of referring both to the human being and to the type of Being that humans have. Its essence lies in its existence. It can respond to its circumstances, thereby ... More
5. Différance

5. Différance  

Simon Glendinning

in Derrida: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775796
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803450.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803450
‘Différance’ shows that, for Derrida, the task of the subject once called ‘philosophy’ is no longer achieving superlative conceptual clarity by rendering what we mean perfectly transparent ... More
2. Difference and culture

2. Difference and culture  

Catherine Belsey

in Poststructuralism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775437
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801807.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801807
Barthes's well-known text Mythologies, published in 1957, sets out to expose what was at stake in the representation of the everyday. Myth, Barthes explains, converts history into nature. ... More
3. Difference and desire

3. Difference and desire  

Catherine Belsey

in Poststructuralism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775437
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801807.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801807
We do our best to become what language tells us we are: ‘he’ or ‘she’. ‘Difference and desire’ considers how ideas of identity and gender come from language and the effects of culture on ... More
4. Difference or truth?

4. Difference or truth?  

Catherine Belsey

in Poststructuralism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775437
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801807.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801807
There are many examples in literature of playing with gender or reality. Is the narrator a woman? Are they talking from beyond the grave or is death a metaphor? ‘Difference or truth?’ ... More
6. Discourse ethics I: the discourse theory of morality

6. Discourse ethics I: the discourse theory of morality  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Discourse ethics is the normative heart of Habermas's philosophy. In it he develops themes of publicity, inclusiveness, equality, solidarity, justice in terms of the pragmatic meaning ... More
7. Discourse ethics II: ethical discourse and the political turn

7. Discourse ethics II: ethical discourse and the political turn  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Habermas revised his original programme of discourse ethics in the 1990s. Here he drew a distinction between moral, ethical, and practical reason. The significance of the revision lies in ... More

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