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6. Aftermath: Thomism

6. Aftermath: Thomism  

Fergus Kerr

in Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777387
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199556649.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199556649
‘Aftermath: Thomism’ discusses Aquinas' philosophical and theological work after his death. Initially there is suspicion among his fellow theologians, and much later a theory of human ... More
9. City of God

9. City of God  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
Around the time that Augustine was ordained, imperial policy passed a series of edicts closing temples and forbidding pagan sacrifices. The effect was a growing dislike of the Church. The ... More
6. Confessions

6. Confessions  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
Augustine was consecrated as coadjustor bishop of Hippo, not without controversy. The combination of his Manichee past and his extreme cleverness meant that he was distrusted. ‘Confessions’ ... More
8. Creation and the Trinity

8. Creation and the Trinity  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
As Augustine finished the Confessions, he started thinking about two topics which were to occupy him over many years: the exegesis of the first three chapters of Genesis and the doctrine of ... More
5. Culture

5. Culture  

Peter Marshall

in The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777066
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231317.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231317
‘Culture’ explores the cultural effect of the Reformation. Luther saw the didactic and decorative purpose of art in churches and Bibles, whilst Calvin and Zwingli were iconoclastic, purging ... More
1. The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ

1. The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
Augustine was a prolific writer. He was born in ad 354 and died in 430. He lived mostly in Roman North Africa. ‘The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ’ looks at how ... More
3. Free choice

3. Free choice  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
In 387, Augustine began his treatise on the origins of evil and free choice. He put strong emphasis on the will. Virtue depends on right and rational choices, so happiness lies in loving ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Peter Marshall

in The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777066
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231317.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231317
The ‘Introduction’ asks: What was the Reformation? Scholars from differing backgrounds have created myths to explain the phenomenon. There have been numerous attempts to reform ... More
7. Legacy

7. Legacy  

Peter Marshall

in The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777066
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231317.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231317
Was the Reformation the mother of modernity? ‘Legacy’ looks at the long-term consequences of the Reformation. The Weberian idea of a link between Protestantism, progress and secularization ... More
2. Liberal arts

2. Liberal arts  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
Augustine did not draw sharp lines between philosophy and theology. This could be because he was heavily influenced by Platonism. He described the motive which led people to philosophize in ... More
1. Life and Times

1. Life and Times  

Fergus Kerr

in Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777387
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199556649.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199556649
‘Life and times’ describes the period of history in which Thomas Aquinas lived and the education he received. Western Europe in the 13th century was dominated by the Roman Catholic church. ... More
10. Nature and grace

10. Nature and grace  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
In reaction against Manicheism, Augustine in his thirties stressed both church authority and individual freedom. Without God's grace to rescue the fallen man, the right path could not be ... More
6. Others

6. Others  

Peter Marshall

in The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777066
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231317.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231317
’Others’ examines the fate of outsiders and unbelievers in the Reformation. Heretics were burned by both confessions to purge them from society. Each burning produced a martyr to inspire ... More
4. A philosophical society

4. A philosophical society  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
In 388, Augustine returned to his native Africa and settled in his home town of Thagaste to practice an experiment in ascetic retirement. The Thagaste community he developed, despite not ... More
3. Politics

3. Politics  

Peter Marshall

in The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777066
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231317.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231317
‘Politics’ examines the interplay of religion and politics. Religion was of great importance to Reformation rulers, and it was their wishes that had the greatest influence in the shaping of ... More
1. Reformations

1. Reformations  

Peter Marshall

in The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777066
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231317.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231317
‘Reformations’ looks at the competing visions of reform. Luther advanced his critique of Catholic corruption in print, and found support amongst the pious German people and the princes. In ... More
2. Salvation

2. Salvation  

Peter Marshall

in The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777066
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231317.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231317
‘Salvation’ considers the theological questions and doctrines of the Reformation. The primary dispute concerned whether salvation was earned through good works, or gained through faith, by ... More
4. Society

4. Society  

Peter Marshall

in The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777066
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231317.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231317
‘Society’ looks at the social impact of the Reformation. The Reformation was a communal phenomenon that sought to transform society. The creation of municipal poor relief is one aspect of ... More
3. Summa Theologiae: First Part

3. Summa Theologiae: First Part  

Fergus Kerr

in Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777387
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199556649.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199556649
God is the main subject in ‘Summa Theologiae: First Part’, a massive work of Catholic Christian theology. The study of theology is compared with that of philosophy, with faith fulfilling ... More
4. Summa Theologiae: Second Part

4. Summa Theologiae: Second Part  

Fergus Kerr

in Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777387
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199556649.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199556649
Aquinas' intention in ‘Summa Theologiae: Second Part’ was to provide a practical handbook of Christian ethics. The first part sets out the general structure of a moral life, while the ... More

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