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8. Acting

8. Acting  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Why is there a relation between handedness and the cerebral hemisphere that is specialized for language? How is it that we can learn the violin? Why can’t we tickle ourselves? ‘Acting’ ... More
3. Attending

3. Attending  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
‘Attending’ considers the following questions: Why do some patients neglect things to their left after a stroke? Why does attending to something else decrease the feeling of pain? Why is it ... More
7. Broken brain: invention and intervention

7. Broken brain: invention and intervention  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘Broken brain’ explains the convergence of neuroscience and the physical sciences in the twenty-first century and beyond. The brain does not work like a normal computer, and there is ... More
7. Checking

7. Checking  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Having made a decision, we need to check that we carry it out as intended. In other words we need to monitor our own behaviour. ‘Checking’ considers the following questions: How does being ... More
6. Deciding

6. Deciding  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Why do we sometimes make absent-minded mistakes? Why do we choose immediate rewards rather than longer-term rewards that are larger? What is the basis for moral reasoning? While considering ... More
8. Epilogue

8. Epilogue  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
The ‘Epilogue’ asks: Will we ever truly understand the brain? Modern imaging techniques, such as fMRI, have provided valuable insights into the localization of specific mental actions in ... More
2. From humours to cells: components of mind

2. From humours to cells: components of mind  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘From humours to cells’ explores historical perspectives on the brain. The Greeks were the first to see that the brain was central to thought. Hippocrates postulated that there were four ... More
4. From the Big Bang to the big brain

4. From the Big Bang to the big brain  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘From the Big Bang to the big brain’ charts the evolutionary history of the nervous system. The ability to sense and act on environmental stimuli exists even in single celled organisms. ... More
9. The future

9. The future  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Now that we know so much about where there is activity in the brain while people perform cognitive tasks, ‘The future’ explains that the next stage is to find out how that activity makes ... More
6. Memories are made of this

6. Memories are made of this  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘Memories are made of this’ compares different types of memory. There are distinct systems for short term and long term memory. Short term memory is transient. Long term memory, on the ... More
2. Perceiving

2. Perceiving  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Do you need to recognize an object to know how to handle it? Why do some amputees continue to feel their arm even though it is absent? Why do some people see colours when they read or hear ... More
5. Reasoning

5. Reasoning  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Why do different intellectual abilities tend to cluster together? Do we think in language? Why are human beings so intelligent? ‘Reasoning’ considers these questions by looking at the ... More
1. A recent field

1. A recent field  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
The field of cognitive neuroscience was born in the late 1970s, but was transformed over the next two decades with the development of techniques such as positron emission tomography and ... More
4. Remembering

4. Remembering  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
How can we explain amnesia for the past, yet retention of knowledge learned at school? Why do we begin to forget people’s names when we are in our fifties? Why do people with Alzheimer’s ... More
5. Sensing, perceiving, and acting

5. Sensing, perceiving, and acting  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘Sensing, perceiving, and acting’ investigates how the brain processes and acts upon sensory information. Visual information is sensed by retinal cells before travelling down the optic ... More
3. Signalling in the brain: getting connected

3. Signalling in the brain: getting connected  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘Signalling in the brain’ outlines the mechanisms of nervous signalling, which needs to be accurate, reliable, and quick. It is brought about by the movement of ‘action potentials’ across ... More
1. Thinking about the brain

1. Thinking about the brain  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘Thinking about the brain’ asks: How do we even begin to contemplate our own thoughts? Thinking about the brain creates a self-referential paradox — we need to use our brain to think about ... More

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