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4. ‘Absolutes’, Simple Natures, and Problems

4. ‘Absolutes’, Simple Natures, and Problems  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
‘Absolutes, Simple Natures and Problems’ deals mainly with the Regulae, an incomplete treatise which anticipated some of the innovations of the Geometry, and which adapted, in outline, some ... More
6. Aesthetics and life

6. Aesthetics and life  

Bence Nanay

in Aesthetics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191865633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198826613.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198826613
‘Aesthetics and life’ considers several questions to show how aesthetics and life are intertwined on all kinds of levels. Should we treat our life as a work of art? Should we become the ... More
5. Aesthetics and the other

5. Aesthetics and the other  

Bence Nanay

in Aesthetics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191865633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198826613.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198826613
‘Aesthetic and the other’ looks at the interpersonal dimension of aesthetics. Aesthetics is rarely a solitary endeavour. We are social beings and there are very few aesthetic situations ... More
4. Aesthetics and the self

4. Aesthetics and the self  

Bence Nanay

in Aesthetics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191865633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198826613.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198826613
‘Aesthetics and the self’ explains how we take our aesthetic preferences to be a big part of who we are, but how these preferences change surprisingly quickly and often without us noticing. ... More
10. After Being and Time

10. After Being and Time  

Michael Inwood

in Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867095
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828662.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828662
‘After Being and Time’ provides a brief survey of Heidegger’s thought after Being and Time, which reveals something of the overall coherence of his life-long project. Being and Time gave a ... More
8. The afterlife

8. The afterlife  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Speculation on the nature of the afterlife is as old as recorded history. Although the doctrine of an afterlife is not found in all religious traditions, where it does, it is typically ... More
2. Aims and Methods

2. Aims and Methods  

A. J. Ayer

in Hume: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854063.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854063
Hume aimed to continue the empirical enquiry begun by Locke to criticise trust in reason and question the nature of causality. ‘Aims and Methods’ discusses Hume's attempts to create a ... More
4. Alienation and reification

4. Alienation and reification  

Stephen Eric Bronner

in Critical Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780190692704
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190692674.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190692674
‘Alienation and reification’ explores the concepts of alienation and reification in Karl Marx's Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, and how this affected 20th century Western ... More
6. America

6. America  

William M. Hamlin

in Montaigne: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780190848804
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190848774.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190848774
What did Montaigne think of the New World? “America” looks at two of his essays, “On Coaches” and “On Cruelty.” Montaigne saw virtue as a sliding scale, seeing natural goodness, including ... More
4. The analysis of knowledge

4. The analysis of knowledge  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
‘The analysis of knowledge’ begins with Edmund Gettier who challenged the ‘classical analysis of knowledge’ that equates knowledge with justified true belief. His no-false-belief proposal ... More
10. Ancient sex

10. Ancient sex  

Gary Gutting

in Foucault: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191868849
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830788.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830788
Towards the end of his life, Foucault’s topic of exploration turned to the ethical formation of the self, which emerged from his analysis of modern power relations. ‘Ancient sex’ looks at ... More
1. Ancient Stoicism and modern life

1. Ancient Stoicism and modern life  

Brad Inwood

in Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191828973
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786665.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786665
In the ancient world of the Greeks and Romans, the idea of philosophy as a way of life had its fullest and clearest development in Stoicism. ‘Ancient Stoicism and modern life’ provides an ... More
7. Animal research

7. Animal research  

David DeGrazia

in Animal Rights: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776380
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853608.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853608
It is debatable under what conditions animal research is justified. Estimates of the number of animals used worldwide in research range from 41 to 100 million a year. ‘Animal research’ ... More
4. Archaeology

4. Archaeology  

Gary Gutting

in Foucault: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191868849
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830788.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830788
Foucault is mostly regarded as a philosopher, despite the fact that most of his books were histories. He characterized his historic works first as ‘archaeology’ of thought and then later as ... More
3. Are persons real?

3. Are persons real?  

Jan Westerhoff

in Reality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778063
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594412.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594412
What does it feel like to doubt the self? Some psychological conditions, lead a person to assume that they are dead or deny bodily existence. There is a paradox: how can someone be ... More
4. Are there limits to what we can say or think?

4. Are there limits to what we can say or think?  

Michael Beaney

in Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778028
‘Are there limits to what we can say and think?’ considers the possible limits of our language and whether we can have thoughts that outstrip our ability to say what they are. It introduces ... More
3. Are wholes just sums of parts?

3. Are wholes just sums of parts?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘Are wholes just sums of parts?’ considers the relation between wholes and their parts. In metaphysics an object is said to be complex, meaning it has parts. But how does a mobile phone ... More
1. Arguing with Plato

1. Arguing with Plato  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
‘Arguing with Plato’ explores the themes of knowledge and belief in Plato's dialogue the Theaetetus, in which Socrates shows faults in all of the accounts of knowledge suggested by young ... More
3. Arguments for the existence of God

3. Arguments for the existence of God  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Is it possible to prove that God exists? There is certainly no shortage of arguments that purport to establish God’s existence, but ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ focuses on three of ... More
7. Art and erōs

7. Art and erōs  

Roger Scruton

in Beauty: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777042
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199229758.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199229758
‘Art and eros’ focuses on painting, in order to distinguish between erotic art and sexual fantasy. The Platonic view, that eros is the governing principle of beauty in all its forms, ... More

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