Science and Mathematics

There are over 150 Very Short Introductions in Science and Mathematics online, covering a range of subject areas, from Physics to Psychology.

Discover more about topics from Superconductivity to Black Holes, Evolution to The Animal Kingdom, Climate Change to Psychotherapy, and much more.


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FEATURED TITLE: Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

By Charles Sheppard
Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction provides an account of what coral reefs are, how they are formed, how they have evolved, and the biological lessons we can learn from them. Today, these fascinating ecosystems are under threat from over-exploitation and climate change; some are dead and others are dying. They could face extinction, unless our conservation efforts are stepped up in order to save them.

Read Chapter 7. Pressures on reef ecosystems, showing that changes in any of these components can transform the reef ecosystem. Local pressures such as sewage and runoff; landfill, dredging, and sediments; and the impact of chemicals, metals, and oil are discussed.