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1. The Man and His Work

1. The Man and His Work  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘The man and his work’ describes Aristotle as a scholar whose scientific explorations were as wide-ranging as his philosophical speculations were profound; a teacher who enchanted and ... More
13. Empiricism

13. Empiricism  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Empiricism’ stresses that, for Aristotle, knowledge or science ultimately derives from perception. That is the source of the concepts in terms of which we seek to understand reality. ... More
17. Teleology

17. Teleology  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Aristotle had a teleological view of nature. Natural behaviour and natural structure usually have final causes, but these are constrained by necessity: nature does the best she can ‘in the ... More
20. Afterlife

20. Afterlife  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0020
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Afterlife’ argues that an account of Aristotle’s intellectual legacy would amount to a history of European thought. Aristotle’s various doctrines and beliefs were accepted and taught as ... More
10. Reality

10. Reality  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Science is about real things. That is what makes it knowledge rather than fantasy. But what things are real? What are the fundamental items with which science is concerned? That is the ... More
11. Change

11. Change  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Unlike Plato’s Forms, which are eternal and unchanging, Aristotle’s substances are temporary and undergo alterations. Aristotle considered there to be four types of change: in respect of ... More
12. Causes

12. Causes  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Material objects change, and their changes are caused. The scientist’s world is full of causes, and scientific knowledge requires the capacity to state causes and to give explanations. We ... More
19. The Arts

19. The Arts  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0019
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
The Poetics consists largely of the theory and criticism of tragic drama. Aristotle, however, saw the work as a contribution to ‘productive’ science, telling us how to produce ... More
7. Logic

7. Logic  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Logic’ explores Aristotle’s syllogistic. In the Prior Analytics Aristotle uses ‘proposition’ for simple sentences and ‘term’ for their salient parts. Thus a proposition affirms or denies ... More
9. Ideal and Achievement

9. Ideal and Achievement  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Some scholars have disputed that Aristotle was a system-builder. For them, Aristotle’s philosophy is ‘aporetic’: it consists in posing, and developing solutions to, particular puzzles. This ... More
4. A Guide in Hand

4. A Guide in Hand  

Mary Beard and John Henderson

in Classics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776458
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853851.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853851
‘A Guide in Hand’ shows how the survival of Classical works is both a matter of chance and dependent on the whole history of Classics and its changing interests and priorities, from the ... More
8. The Greatest Show on Earth

8. The Greatest Show on Earth  

Mary Beard and John Henderson

in Classics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776458
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853851.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853851
‘The Greatest Show on Earth’ shows how the opposition between nature and culture runs right through Classics. The tragedies of Sophocles, already classics in the fourth century, played a ... More
4. Collecting Facts

4. Collecting Facts  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Collecting Facts’ examines Aristotle’s research methods. While much of his work was based on his own study and observations, he also relied on the expertise of others. Written sources were ... More
6. The Structure of the Sciences

6. The Structure of the Sciences  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Aristotle did not share Plato’s belief that all knowledge could be founded upon a single set of axioms. ‘The Structure of the Sciences’ shows that Aristotle divided knowledge into three ... More
14. Aristotle’s World-Picture

14. Aristotle’s World-Picture  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
According to ‘Aristotle’s World-Picture’, Aristotle was a remarkable scientist and a profound philosopher, but it was as a philosopher-scientist that he excelled. The elements of the ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Paul Cartledge

in Ancient Greece: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778124
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601349.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601349
What is Ancient Greece? It can be described as a civilization of cities, defined as a type of self-governing geopolitical space combining town and country in a dynamic symbiosis. The ... More
6. Oratory

6. Oratory  

William Allen

in Classical Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779701
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665457.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665457
‘Oratory’ examines the reasons for oratory's importance in the classical world and how it developed to meet the changing demands of speakers and audiences. The rules and techniques ... More
Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction  

Jonathan Barnes

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction argues that Aristotle’s influence on the intellectual history of the West is second to none. His various doctrines and beliefs were ... More
18. Practical Philosophy

18. Practical Philosophy  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0018
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Though Aristotle focused mainly on the theoretical sciences, the Politics and the Nicomachean Ethics belong to the practical branch of philosophy. These are practical in that they aim not ... More
2. A Public Figure

2. A Public Figure  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘A public figure‘ discusses Aristotle’s second period in Athens, the cultural capital of the Greek world. He taught regularly in the Lyceum, believing that knowledge and teaching were ... More

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